By Paul Elbourne
This booklet argues that certain descriptions ('the table', 'the King of France') check with participants, as Gottlob Frege claimed. This it appears uncomplicated end flies within the face of philosophical orthodoxy, which includes Bertrand Russell's conception that sure descriptions are units of quantification. Paul Elbourne provides the 1st fully-argued defence of the Fregean view. He builds an particular fragment of English utilizing a model of state of affairs semantics. He makes use of intrinsic points of his process to account for the presupposition projection behaviour of certain descriptions, a number modal houses, and the matter of incompleteness. whilst, he attracts on an strangely wide variety of linguistic and philosophical literature, from early paintings via Frege, Peano, and Russell to the most recent findings in linguistics, philosophy of language, and psycholinguistics. His penultimate bankruptcy addresses the semantics of pronouns and provides a brand new and extra radical model of his past thesis that they too are Fregean certain descriptions.
Read or Download Definite Descriptions PDF
Similar semantics books
"The present learn within the Semantic / Pragmatics Interface" (CRiSPI) sequence has carved out a brand new and colourful zone of study. This quantity deals the reader a state of the art checklist of latest and validated examine during this sector. Von Heusinger and Turner's cautious number of themes and participants guarantees that every bankruptcy integrates semantic and pragmatic evidence right into a unmarried conception, that every reveals an enough department of theoretical labour and that every makes an attempt to layout and corroborate a sublime account of that means and use that might be appropriate with different points of human behaviour.
This publication argues that yes descriptions ('the table', 'the King of France') check with members, as Gottlob Frege claimed. This it appears uncomplicated end flies within the face of philosophical orthodoxy, which contains Bertrand Russell's thought that certain descriptions are units of quantification.
This e-book engages with deictics ('pointing' phrases like here/there, this/that) of area. It makes a speciality of texts via Donne, Shakespeare, Spenser, and Wroth specifically, concerning their different types of deixis to cultural and conventional advancements; however it additionally indicates parallels with either iconic and ignored texts from a number of later historic classes.
Semiotics has had a profound effect on our comprehension of a variety of phenomena, from how animals represent and speak, to how humans learn television advertisements. This sequence beneficial properties books on semiotic idea and functions of that conception to knowing media, language, and comparable topics. The sequence publishes scholarly monographs of large attract scholars and non-specialists in addition to students.
- The Writer's Workplace with Readings: Building College Writing Skills
- Syntactic Anchors: On Semantic Structuring
- Semantics (Language Workbooks)
- Language and History Integrationist Perspectives (Routledge Advances in Communication and Linguistic Theory)
- Journal on Data Semantics VII
- Meaning in Context: Implementing Intelligent Applications of Language Studies
Additional info for Definite Descriptions
And sentences which contain proper names without reference will be of this kind. The sentence ‘Odysseus was set ashore at Ithaca while sound asleep’ obviously has a sense. But since it is doubtful whether the name ‘Odysseus’, occurring therein, has a reference, it is also doubtful whether the whole sentence has one. 5 We can perhaps generalize this conclusion to the whole category of improper deﬁnite descriptions and obtain a treatment that is Fregean in spirit. Given the catastropic semantic consequences of proper names (including compound ones) not having a referent, it is not surprising that declarative sentences used assertively introduce a presupposition to the eﬀect that the names in them do have referents (Frege 1892: 40): If anything is asserted there is always an obvious presupposition that the simple or compound proper names used have reference.
If Mary yawns, the sky always falls. b. 18 (27) sometimes = Îp s,t . Îq s,t . Îs . there is a situation s such that s is a minimal situation such that s ≤ s and p(s ) = 1, such that there is a situation s such that s is a minimal situation such that s ≤ s and s ≤ s and q (s ) = 1 (28) always = Îp s,t . Îq s,t . Îs . for every minimal situation s such that s ≤ s and p(s ) = 1, there is a situation s such that s is a minimal situation such that s ≤ s and s ≤ s and q (s ) = 1 (29) the sky falls = Îs .
3 I follow Chomsky (1986, 2000), Pietroski (2003, 2010), and numerous others, in believing that meanings are internal mental structures. But there is no need, on this view, to abandon revealing formalism like that provided by possible worlds semantics and situation semantics. We can take it that in using this formalism we are taking advantage of what Wigner (1960) called ‘the unreasonable eﬀectiveness of mathematics in the natural sciences’: theories in physics, biology, and other areas already use mathematics very successfully to show the structure of the natural world, even though it is not entirely clear why mathematics should be so revealing.