Defeating Lee: A History of the Second Corps, Army of the by Lawrence A. Kreiser Jr.

By Lawrence A. Kreiser Jr.

Reasonable Oaks, the Seven Days, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, chilly Harbor, Petersburg—the checklist of vital battles fought via the second one Corps, military of the Potomac, is a protracted and exclusive one. This soaking up background of the second one Corps follows the unit's production and upward thrust to prominence, the battles that earned it a name for tough scuffling with, and the legacy its veterans sought to keep up within the years after the Civil battle. greater than an account of battles, Defeating Lee will get to the guts of what stimulated those males, why they fought so difficult, and the way they sustained a lively security of reason and kingdom lengthy after the weapons had fallen silent. (2011)

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The only exception to these patterns was Brigadier General Thomas Meagher, the commander of the Irish Brigade. Yet Meagher was not completely without military experience. In the spring of 1861, he had helped to raise a company of the 69th New York State Militia. 33 Cameron and Stanton also wanted officers with previous managerial experience, given that they now had several thousand men under their charge. Four brigade commanders of the Second Corps came from a business background, two in the military and two in civilian life.

Otherwise, McClellan feared that the Confederates would cut the army’s supply lines to the York River. McClellan ordered the Second Corps, Third Corps, and Sixth Corps to form the rear guard, to enable the Fourth Corps and Fifth Corps to escape first from the battered Union right. Sumner’s men took news of the retreat hard because the decline of Federal fortunes before Richmond had occurred so quickly. 30 Unit cohesion again played an important role in soldiers’ battlefield motivations when the Second Corps reached Savage’s Station on the late afternoon ofâ•— June 29.

But the recruitment process worked the same as in past wars, with state and local officials taking up the slack in raising regiments and companies. The citizen-soldiers who volunteered went to war with men from their same village, neighborhood, and city. The connection between those in the military and those at home remained strong throughout the fighting. 40 Yet, by virtue of the regiments assigned to it, the Second Corps acquired several distinct differences from the rest of the Union army. , and Boston, Mass.

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