By Xiaogan Liu
This is the 1st complete spouse to the research of Daoism as a philosophical culture. It presents a normal evaluate of Daoist philosophy in quite a few thinkers and texts from sixth century BCE to fifth century CE and displays the most recent educational advancements within the box. It discusses theoretical and philosophical matters in keeping with rigorous textual and ancient investigations and examinations, reflecting either the traditional scholarship and smooth ways and methodologies. the subjects contain debates at the starting place of the Daoism, the authorship and courting of the Laozi, the authorship and type of chapters within the Zhuangzi, the subjects and philosophical arguments within the Laozi and Zhuangzi, their ameliorations and advancements in Pre-Qin, Han, and Wei-Jin sessions, via Huang-Lao college, Heguanzi, Wenzi, Huainanzi, Wang Bi, Guo Xiang, and Worthies in bamboo grove, between others. every one bankruptcy is written via expert(s) and specialist(s) at the subject discussed.
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Extra info for Dao Companion to Daoist Philosophy
Niehauser, Jr. Willianm, ed. 1994. The grand scribe’s records, vol. vii, The Memoirs of Pre-Han China by Ssu-ma Ch’ien (Sima Qian, 司馬遷). Bloomington/Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. ) Qiu, Xigui 裘錫圭. 2004. On rebuilding scholarship of Chinese classics 中國古典學重建中 應該注意的問題, in his Ten lectures on Chinese excavated literature 中國出土文獻十講. Shanghai: Fudan University Press. ) 2 Did Daoism Have a Founder? Textual Issues of the Laozi 45 Sima, Qian 司馬遷. 1975. Records of the grand historian 史記. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
These are all detrimental to your person. ” Although the wording and rhetoric skill here and in other places in the story, might well be Sima’s, the content and denotation must be based on the documents and local literatures Sima and his father had spent years collecting. That Sima’s Historical Record was based on numbers of lost documents we cannot know or even imagine has been repeatedly supported by the excavation in recent decades of hitherto unknown oracle-bone inscriptions, Ku 苦 County originally belonged to the state of Chen 陳, which was taken over by Chu 楚 in 478 BCE.
Second, his statement bears not the slightest resemblance to what Laozi says in the core part of his biography and from what we read in the received Laozi. Thus, Taishi Dan could not be Laozi or Lao Dan. Obviously Sima did not buy this suggestion. He certainly ignored it when he arranged the chronological biographies: Laozi’s is the third chapter of Liezhuan (列 傳, general biographies), appearing among five figures from the late Spring and Autumn period (Confucius is listed among the shijia 世家, a different section on noble families), while the “Confucian Disciples” chapter follows as seventh, with Mencius as fourteenth (Chen and Bai 2001: 9; Niehauser 1994).