By Robert Lumley, Zygmunt G Baranski
The overdue and turbulent transition from a mostly rural and peasant society to a latest city country concerned the obstacle of rooted well known traditions and the emergence of mass cultural varieties. accordingly, Italy, as soon as the centre of a cultural global, has more and more came across itself at the outer edge of an American media empire and severe questions of cultural identification were raised. The Italian case is extra major as a result of the theoretical and political difficulties it has posed. in addition to facing those and comparable themes, the e-book examines present trends, comparable to the speedy multiplication of sub-cultures and the problem of 'mass' types. every one bankruptcy is written through a expert within the box. even supposing the essays ordinarily take care of particular difficulties, additionally they spotlight either the ancient context and extra common issues inside of their sphere of interest.
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Extra info for Culture and Conflict in Postwar Italy: Essays on Mass and Popular Culture
Tolson, A. (1986), 'Popular Culture: Practice and Institution', in C. MacCabe (ed), High Theory/Low Culture (Manchester: Manchester University Press), pp. 143-56. Vivanti, C. (ed') (1981), Storill d'Italill. Intellettuali e potere (Turin: Einaudi). Williams, R. (1961), The Long Revolution (London: ChaHo & Wind us). - - (1976), Keywords (Glasgow: Fontana/Croom Helm). - - (1981), Culture (London: Fontana). NOTES 2 3 4 5 6 7 For example, Alberto Melucci writes that 'as far as the resources (materials, energy, information) that feed every living system are concerned, societies have gone through a complete cycle: there are societies structured around material resources, societies based on the exploitation of energy (the steam and electrical power of industrialisation), and now, systems that depend upon information for their survival, for control of the environment, for expansion into space, and for the delicate equilibrium that preserves them from the ultimate threat, total war' (Melucci, 1984, p.
Why treat them separately? ' (Bocca, 1988, p. 36). The major Italian figure in this field is Ernesto de Martino. For an appreciation of his work, see the 1986 special issue of La ricerca folklorica. See Bronzini, 1980; Casali, 1982; Cirese, 1962; Clemente, Leoni and Squillacciotti, 1976; Pianta, 1982; Santoli, 1979. See Asor Rosa, 1987; Contini, 1970; Dionisotti, 1967; PaccagneIIa, 1983; Segre, 1976; Stussi, 1972. We should like to thank Giulio Lepschy and Shirley Vinall for their comments on an earlier version of this Introduction.
26 Culture and Conflict in Postwar Italy In the course of these struggles, led by the communists with their very strong collective ideology and emphasis on horizontal solidarities, the balance between different elements of peasant consciousness shifted radically. The habitual distrust, fatalism and individualism of the South were eclipsed by those elements which prompted solidarity amongst the peasants. The core of collective consciousness, the focal point of action was the paese (village or agro-town) itself, with its closed, concentrated formation and its egalite des pauvres.