Cultural Conceptions of Mental Health and Therapy by Geoffrey M. White, Anthony J. Marsella (auth.), Anthony J.

By Geoffrey M. White, Anthony J. Marsella (auth.), Anthony J. Marsella, Geoffrey M. White (eds.)

Within the previous twenty years, there was an elevated curiosity within the learn of tradition and psychological future health relationships. This curiosity has prolonged throughout many educational disciplines, together with anthropology, psychology, sociology, psychiatry, public health and wellbeing and social paintings, and has led to many books and clinical papers emphasizing the function of sociocultural components within the etiology, epidemiology, manifestation and therapy of psychological issues. it really is now glaring that sociocultural variables are inextricably associated with all points of either common and irregular human habit. yet, regardless of the large accumulation of information relating to tradition and psychological overall healthiness relationships, sociocultural elements have nonetheless now not been included into present organic and mental views on psychological disease and remedy. Psychiatry, the Western clinical distinctiveness eager about psychological issues, has for the main half persisted to disregard socio-cultural elements in its theoretical and utilized techniques to the matter. the main cause of this can be psychiatry's persevered dedication to a affliction belief of psychological ailment which assumes that psychological issues are mostly biologically-caused health problems that are universally represented in etiology and manifestation. inside this attitude, psychological issues are considered as because of common methods which result in discrete and recognizable indicators whatever the tradition within which they ensue. notwithstanding, this attitude is now the topic of turning out to be feedback and debate.

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Their use of boundary metaphors (such as the "discrete" or "inviolate" nature of the "egocentric" person concept) is important primarily as an indication of cultural differences in the implicit "logic" of reasoning about social interaction. Thus, the "sharp" boundaries of the Western person concept are associated with the perception of behavior as emanating from the individual as an autonomous social actor and as the principal locus of thought, feeling, motivation and action. Similarly, the "loose" or "permeable" boundaries of the "sociocentric" person are associated with the belief that behavior is a function of particular self-other relations among interdependent social actors.

Harman, G. H. 1971 Three Levels of Meaning. In Semantics: An Interdisciplinary Reader in Philosophy, Linguistics and Psychology. D. Steinberg and L. ). pp. 66-75. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Higginbotham, H. N. 1979 Culture and Mental Health Services. In Perspectives on Cross-Cultural Psychology. A. Marsella et al. ). New York: Academic Press. Jones, E. , et al. 1972 Attribution: Perceiving the Causes of Behavior. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press. , J. Cole, and H. Lowery 1969 Studies of the Diagnostic Process: The Influence of Symptom Perception, Past Experience, and Ethnic Background on Diagnostic Decisions.

WHITE AND ANTHONY J. MARSELLA paper shows that the cultural meanings of "fright illness" are constructed in part as a departure from this ideal behavioral image. , Westermeyer and Wintrob 1979). These findings are consistent with the arguments of labeling theorists who argue that the ascription of mental disorder functions largely to categorize disruptive behavior as deviant and thus invoke sanctions aimed at controlling or regulating that behavior. The papers included here suggest that this argument is a special case of the more general phenomenon in which cultural knowledge of mental disorder is structured in part by conceptual oppositions which represent both positive and negative behavioral ideals, and which may be embodied in contrastive prototypical identities.

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