Crucible of the Civil War: Virginia from Secession to by Edward L. Ayers, Visit Amazon's Gary W. Gallagher Page,

By Edward L. Ayers, Visit Amazon's Gary W. Gallagher Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Gary W. Gallagher, , Andrew L. Torget

Crucible of the Civil battle deals an illuminating portrait of the state’s wartime monetary, political, and social associations. Weighing in on contentious concerns inside tested scholarship whereas additionally breaking floor in parts lengthy ignored by means of students, the participants study such matters because the war’s impact on slavery within the kingdom, the wartime intersection of race and faith, and the improvement of accomplice social networks. additionally they make clear issues lengthy disputed by way of historians, comparable to Virginia’s choice to secede from the Union, the advance of accomplice nationalism, and the way Virginians selected to recollect the struggle after its close.

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Stuart referred to the fact that John Rogers Cooke, Philip St. George Cooke’s son and a regular army officer (although not a West Pointer), had joined the Confederate cause along with both of Cooke’s sons-in-law (Stuart himself and Charles Brewer, a former regular army surgeon). Only one of the Cooke children, Julia Turner Cooke, did not become estranged; she married Jacob Sharpe, an officer in a New York volunteer regiment during the war.  Cooke, unlike Thomas and Lee, never wavered during the sectional crisis.

The contest quickly divided between those who would take Virginia out of the Union and those who still saw hope within it. White men in Rockingham, Augusta, and Rockbridge swarmed the polls on February 4, 1861, and an overwhelming majority gave their votes to Unionist candidates. The margins of victory were staggering.  Any effort to withdraw Virginia from the Union would now have to gain final approval from the state’s voters. ”  In Rockingham, historically one of the most staunchly Democratic counties in Virginia, voters had even elected ex-Whig John Lewis over secessionist Democrats as one of the county’s three convention delegates.

Daniel Crofts takes a similar line. Concentrating on the plight of conditional Unionists during the secession crisis, Crofts attributes Virginia’s resilience against secession to the continued presence of two-party politics within the border states. On the second party system in Virginia, see William Shade, Democratizing the Old Dominion: Virginia and the Second Party System, 1824–1861 (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1996). 4. The Valley of Virginia consisted of many more counties, most of which lay to the north of Rockingham, Augusta, and Rockbridge.

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