Contrastive Studies in Construction Grammar by Hans C. Boas

By Hans C. Boas

The papers during this quantity supply a contrastive software of development Grammar. via referencing a well-described constructional phenomenon in English, each one paper presents a pretty good origin for describing and interpreting its constructional counterpart in one other language. This procedure indicates that the semantic description (including discourse-pragmatic and useful elements) of an English building should be considered as a primary step in the direction of a "tertium comparationis" that may be hired for evaluating and contrasting the formal homes of constructional opposite numbers in different languages. hence, the which means pole of buildings will be considered as the first foundation for comparisons of structures throughout languages – the shape pole is simply secondary. This quantity exhibits that structures are attainable descriptive and analytical instruments for cross-linguistic comparisons that give the opportunity to seize either language-specific (idiosyncratic) houses in addition to cross-linguistic generalizations

Show description

Read Online or Download Contrastive Studies in Construction Grammar PDF

Best semantics books

Where Semantics meets Pragmatics, Volume 16 (Current Research in the Semantics Pragmatics Interface)

"The present learn within the Semantic / Pragmatics Interface" (CRiSPI) sequence has carved out a brand new and colourful quarter of study. This quantity deals the reader a state of the art checklist of latest and proven study during this region. Von Heusinger and Turner's cautious number of subject matters and members guarantees that every bankruptcy integrates semantic and pragmatic proof right into a unmarried thought, that every unearths an enough department of theoretical labour and that every makes an attempt to layout and corroborate a sublime account of that means and use that might be appropriate with different facets of human behaviour.

Definite Descriptions

This e-book argues that sure descriptions ('the table', 'the King of France') consult with contributors, as Gottlob Frege claimed. This it appears easy end flies within the face of philosophical orthodoxy, which contains Bertrand Russell's thought that convinced descriptions are units of quantification.

Deixis in the Early Modern English Lyric: Unsettling Spatial Anchors Like “Here,” “This,” “Come”

This publication engages with deictics ('pointing' phrases like here/there, this/that) of area. It makes a speciality of texts through Donne, Shakespeare, Spenser, and Wroth specifically, referring to their sorts of deixis to cultural and normal advancements; however it additionally indicates parallels with either iconic and missed texts from a number later historic sessions.

The Forms of Meaning: Modeling Systems Theory and Semiotic Analysis

Semiotics has had a profound effect on our comprehension of a variety of phenomena, from how animals represent and speak, to how humans learn television advertisements. This sequence positive factors books on semiotic concept and functions of that idea to realizing media, language, and comparable matters. The sequence publishes scholarly monographs of large entice scholars and non-specialists in addition to students.

Extra info for Contrastive Studies in Construction Grammar

Sample text

Comparing comparatives  Table 4. 5%) Pragmatics In both English and Swedish, comparative constructions can pragmatically express increasing degrees of intensity through the reduplication of elements. In these patterns, a surplus of linguistic material iconically stands for a higher degree of some quality. Both the morphological comparative and the periphrastic variant are productively used in this way, as shown below. (20) a. They climbed higher and higher. b. De klättrade högre och högre. ’ (21) a.

If there are relatively many comparative forms, as compared to the positive forms, that means that speakers are indeed conceptualizing the adjective in question as gradable. Adjectives such as tall or long fall into this category: Forms such as longer or taller are relatively frequent in comparison to the respective base forms. By contrast, a low ratio Comparing comparatives  of comparative and positive forms indicates that an adjective encodes a property that is more absolute, as in red or square.

Figure 2 contrasts English and Swedish, plotting the number of syllables of the host adjective against the relative frequency with which the morphological comparative is formed. Absolute frequencies are shown in the appendix. Expectedly, in both languages the relative frequency of morphological comparatives declines as the number of syllables increases. This tendency can receive a straightforward explanation in terms of processing. Given a choice between a synthetic construction and a semantically similar analytic construction, speakers tend to choose the analytic one in situations that are cognitively complex (Rohdenburg 1996, Mondorf 2003).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.48 of 5 – based on 34 votes