Contexts of Metaphor (Current Research in the Semantics by LEEZENBERG

By LEEZENBERG

This examine provides an method of metaphor that systematically takes contextual elements under consideration. It analyses how metaphors either rely on, and alter, the context within which they're uttered, and particularly, how metaphorical interpretation comprises the articulation of asserted, implied and presupposed fabric. It vitamins this semantic research with a practice-based account of metaphor on the conceptual point, which stresses the function of sociocultural elements in inspiration formation.

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L. D. Ross's English edition of Organon (1928) and Rhetoric (1924). , Stutterheim, Vahlen, Lucas, Ricoeur, and Cooper), I will only refer to them incidentally, to avoid an inordinate lengthening of this section. 32 Contexts of Metaphor a good metaphor, what happens to the meanings of the words involved in figurative speech, and whether metaphors can be true. Some of these questions are discussed in Book III of the Rhetoric (1404b25ff), which deals with prose language used for convincing an audience in debate.

Still, the way we look at it, the log has to be there. " (Luria 1976: 58-59) The last remark is particularly revealing: even when explicitly presented with an appropriate abstract categorial term, illiterate peasants would typically reject it as irrelevant, and at times even as false. They were equally unwilling, for example, to classify both fish and crows as animals. Their classifications thus appear to have a functional rather than taxonomic character. One might surmise that the same persons would feel equally comfortable in classifying a log of wood together with, say, a stove, a furnace, and a fireplace,- items that belong together functionally, though not categorially.

I would suggest: much like literal language. In context, a sentence which literates would rank as deviant or figurative on the basis of some categorial anomaly may be just as acceptable to individuals in an oral society as ones we would consider fully literal. No real or apparent category mistake at the level of literal meaning is involved, because there are no fixed and stable literal meanings and categories to begin with. This is not, of course, to deny the existence of linguistic norms of correctness in oral societies.

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