Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity by Francois Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic, Neftali Villanueva

By Francois Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic, Neftali Villanueva

This quantity brings jointly unique papers through linguists and philosophers at the function of context and point of view in language and proposal. a number of contributions are focused on the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in contemporary philosophical discussions. In a considerable advent, the editors survey the sector and map out the correct matters and positions.

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5 The distinction between thoughts and utterances being about entities and their merely concerning entities requires us to draw a corresponding distinction between two sorts of content. When a Z-lander thinks an it is raining thought, his thought concerns, but is not about, Z-land. So what are we to say with regard to the content of this thought? In one sense the content of the thought includes only those entities the thought is about, and in this sense the content is not a truth-conditional proposition containing Zland, but rather a propositional function whose value for the argument Zland is a full truth-conditional proposition whose truth value depends upon the weather in Z-land.

So, it will not do to maintain that in reporting beliefs we are always interested only in their aboutness-content. A natural suggestion to make at this point would be to acknowledge that in making a belief report we are (usually) interested in the fullypropositional concerning-content of the belief, but to reject the assumption made in Crimmins and Perry’s (1989) analysis that a belief report must 30 Lenny Clapp tacitly refer to a notion or idea of every constituent of this propositional content.

Note, however, that the compromise analysis of belief reports has excised some of resources that were posited for the purpose of solving the doxastic puzzles. That is, according to Crimmins and Perry (1989) the explanation of why utterances of (1) and (2) have different truth conditions, despite the fact that the utterances attribute belief in the same proposition to the same subject, is that the speaker tacitly refers to different notions (and ideas) that the subject uses to represent this proposition.

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