Contesting International Society in East Asia by Barry Buzan, Yongjin Zhang

By Barry Buzan, Yongjin Zhang

Bringing jointly the most cutting edge students in either the English tuition of diplomacy and East Asian experiences, this quantity investigates even if major and particular foreign social buildings exist on the neighborhood point represented by means of 'East Asia', and what this may let us know approximately foreign society either domestically and globally. The book's major discovering is that the local dispute over how its states and peoples should still relate to the Western-dominated international overseas society makes the life of East Asian foreign society primarily contested. whereas this regional-global social dynamic is found in many areas, it's relatively powerful in East Asia. This e-book will attract audiences attracted to constructing English college idea, the research of East Asian diplomacy and comparative regionalism.

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As a global hegemon, the American power penetrates deeply into every region. However, it is not only the degree of penetration, but also the extent to which such penetration has wedded East Asia to the power and purpose of the American imperium (Katzenstein 2005), that makes East Asia stand out from other regions. This raises another critical issue in understanding the role of American power in the construction of regional international society in East Asia. To the extent that all regions in global politics are socially constructed and therefore politically contested, power plays a central role in the discursive construction of a region, as noted earlier.

While one was Sino-centric, formally unequal and International societies in pre-modern East Asia 35 hegemonic, the other was based on relationships of more or less equal status. Despite a certain amount of overlap, the institutional practices of these two societies differed markedly. The first has been called fanshu society, comprising China and a malleable range of other polities that accepted Chinese centrality in world order. They shared, in varying degrees, the Sino-centric norms, rules and institutions for the conduct of their relations which we have traditionally described as ‘tributary’.

The actual history of international society in East Asia is thus very diverse, with big variations contingent on the waxing and waning of dynastic power in China. Chapter 3 argues that the encounter with Western international society destroyed the traditional Sino-centric international society in East Asia, both by undermining China and by enabling Japan to bid to replace China as the core ‘civilized’ power in the region. By putting into tension the pan-Asianist reaction against the West on the one hand, and the temptations to pursue Western-style nationalism and to meet the Western ‘standard of civilization’ on the other, the encounter also destroyed the possibility of a coherent East Asian regional society emerging in response.

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