Contested Cities in the Modern World (Ethnic and by A. Hepburn

By A. Hepburn

Towns are close-knit groups. whilst rival ethnic teams enhance which refuse to concede predominance, deep conflicts might ensue. a few were controlled peacefully, as in Brussels and Montreal. different instances, comparable to Danzig/Gdansk and Trieste have, kind of forcefully, been resolved in favour of 1 of the events. In extra circumstances, corresponding to Belfast and Jerusalem, protracted violence has no longer added an answer. Contested towns within the smooth West examines the jobs of foreign interventions, nation rules and social procedures in influencing such occasions, with specific connection with the above instances.

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Half a million Kashubians spoke a dialect which was more Slavonic than Germanic, but they were a people for whom any sense of identity beyond the immediate region was only beginning to emerge. 2 Cut off from its eastern approaches by the massive Vistula delta, Danzig looked west to Kashubia as its main hinterland. 1 The Southern Baltic Lands in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Source: K. 2 Language Use in Germany’s North-eastern Borderlands, 1910 Percentage of population speaking mainly Polish Source: W.

In a situation which was to be replicated in Trieste 130 years later, the two armies manoeuvred for advantage for more than a month before British intervention ended in a Russian withdrawal in favour of the Hohenzollerns’ return. The Danzig merchants made one last effort to regain free city status in Restoration Europe. But Britain took the view that the only safeguard against the threat of a Russian Danzig was the restoration of Prussian Danzig, and the latter arrangement was confirmed by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 (Cies´lak:317–19).

The ethnolinguistic bitterness of the inter-war period was, in essence, unfinished business of the independence period. Since 1945 linguistic conflict has become a relatively minor part of life in Finland. Whereas in the mid-nineteenth century Finns needed to be bilingual in Swedish in order to operate effectively in the city, by 1950 the situation was reversed: only 33 per cent of Finnish-speakers, but 83 per cent of Swedish-speakers, reported being bilingual in the other’s language (McRae 1997:100).

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