By Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Yitzak Sternberg
The authors of this quantity discover the tensions and dilemmas that effect pluralism and homogeneity in glossy societies. this is often the 1st paintings during this box within which the body of dialogue is a comparative civilizational research. It specializes in matters which are on the middle of the modern human event and tradition. The participants to this ebook, well known students from worldwide, take on those concerns by way of relating assorted temporal and spatial settings. This e-book is in homage to Shmuel Noah Eisenstadt. We honor his ground-breaking paintings within the comparative research of modernities and civilizations.
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Extra resources for Comparing Modernities: Pluralism Versus Homogenity. Essays in Homage to Shmuel N. Eisenstadt (International Comparative Social Studies 10)
At ﬁrst glance, it is true, a center is a priori interested in some cohesion of the setting which it controls while groups may aspire, in a no less natural manner, to assert their particular personality. Yet, at least as far as individual settings are concerned which both illustrate at any moment a particular culture and participation to a civilizational perspective, one may contend that not every sociocultural group is interested in retaining its particularism in front of the rest of society, and not every center together with the actors who stand behind it, are interested in minimizing the heterogeneity of the setting beyond a level warranting the endorsement of given common rules.
It is because of the fact that all the responses to the breakdown of the traditional order leave the problematic intact, the reﬂexivity which developed in the program of modernity went beyond that which crystallized in the Axial Civilizations. This reﬂexivity focused not only on the possibility of diﬀerent interpretations of the transcendental visions and basic ontological conceptions prevalent in a society or societies, but came to question the very givenness of such 2 James D. Faubion, 1993, pp.
On the ground of its representation of society’s historical and cultural personality—and of course, under the inﬂuence of the interests of those who support its policies—, this party may combine, in diﬀerent possible manners, universal values—such as freedom or equality—with particularistic outlooks, and specify in varying terms rules of the pluralism-homogeneity dilemma, such as the exclusiveness or accessibility of membership; regulations of—economic, political, or other—participatory rights; or entitlements to prominent positions (see Almond and Verba, 1963; Znaniecki, 1973).