By Paul J. J. Welfens (auth.), Paul J.J. Welfens (eds.)
Information & conversation know-how (ICT) and the automobile quarter are of crucial industries within the ecu and the USA. The EU’s jap growth and monetary globalization have bolstered pageant at the one hand; nonetheless the significance of outsourcing and off-shoring has elevated. in contrast heritage the intensification of innovation dynamics turns into an important – and with them the function of nearby innovation clusters. The research examines seven areas and 6 european international locations. the point of interest is on cluster and community dynamics in either industries, as neighborhood ICT clusters are enjoying an more and more relevant function in lots of eu areas. Specialization and structural swap within the car region are highlighted, and new strategic techniques for multinational businesses and adjustments in coverage strategies are identified.
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Extra info for Clusters in Automotive and Information & Communication Technology: Innovation, Multinationalization and Networking Dynamics
Source: EIIW calculations of success provided that existing regional digital dynamics are combined with the promotion of digital start-ups and incentives for digital innovation. • If the regional innovation system has a strong digital profile, ICT networking will be stimulated. 169 Yes Bayer AG Bayer Aktiengesellschaft; Bayer; HealthCare Bayer HealthCare AG AG; Boehringer Barmag AG Ingelheim Oerlikon Textile International GmbH; GmbH & Co. 0039 22 89 73 79 Mobi. 2000–2007 111 Mobi. V. Vaillant Ltd.
The share of the manufacturing industry in this area exceeded that of the state of North-Rhine Westphalia by about 10% points, whose output in manufacturing was slightly above the average for Germany in 2008. Given the strong fall in the number of industrial firms—the number of firms with more than 20 employees has fallen by 34% and the number of employees by 54% in the 15 years since 1991—it is obvious that there is a strong structural change in the Bergisch City Triangle. It also is noteworthy that the Bergisch City Triangle has been integrated into an EU-2-structural program of the state of North-Rhine Westphalia.
4 Mobility network ICT—Vienna Region 2000–2007. Source: EIIW calculations tried to rejuvenate the region through several initiatives and the ICT sector has been promoted strongly. The Technical University of Dortmund—with a strong focus on computer science—has played a key role for the expansion of the regional ICT sector. Monse (2008) has characterized North-Rhine Westphalia as the state with 1 Regional Innovation and Cluster Policies in the New and Old Economy 13 Fig. 5 Mobility network ICT—Vienna Region 1992–1999.