Cliff Ecology: Pattern and Process in Cliff Ecosystems by Douglas W. Larson

By Douglas W. Larson

Cliffs are found in nearly each nation in the world. the shortcoming of medical curiosity in cliffs thus far is in awesome distinction to the commonness of cliffs worldwide and to the charm cliffs have had for people all through heritage. Cliffs offer a different habitat, not often investigated from an ecological point of view. This ebook goals to spoil the effect of cliffs as geological constructions without existence, by way of reviewing information regarding the geology, geomorphology, microclimate, plant life, and fauna of either sea and inland cliffs. For the 1st time, proof is gifted to signify that cliffs around the globe may perhaps signify a useful form of surroundings, including a few of the least disturbed habitats in the world and contributing extra to the biodiversity of a zone than their floor assurance could point out.

Show description

Read Online or Download Cliff Ecology: Pattern and Process in Cliff Ecosystems PDF

Similar geology books

Oregon fossils

This revised and extended version of Oregon Fossils encompasses a checklist of all identified fossils in Oregon going again four hundred million years, besides gathering localities by means of county, age, rock formation, and released resource. The e-book additionally offers a geologic evaluate of the country, from ocean seashores to the excessive wilderness, from the Blue Mountains to the Siskiyous.

Management of Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the Development of More Productive and Sustainable Agricultural Systems: Extended versions of papers presented at the Symposium on Biological Nitrogen Fixation for Sustainable Agriculture at the 15th Congress

Desk 1. worldwide allocation of arable land among various com­ modities Globally, cereal cropping dominates cultivated land Commodities' percentage of land zone use (around 50% of overall sector, desk 1). The stay­ (%) ing arable land is used for construction of oilseed, fibre, or meals and money vegetation.

Additional info for Cliff Ecology: Pattern and Process in Cliff Ecosystems

Example text

In sedimentary rocks, variations between the composition and strength of individual horizontally bedded facies adds internal heterogeneity to cliff faces (Fig. 2b, c and d) and cliffs are often formed when a harder, more resistant, rock type overlies weaker rock that is more weathered (Fig. 2c and d). The form of the cliff is dependent on the dissimilarity of the various rock types. When the beds differ only slightly, the cliff face may become blurred, reduced in height and confined to the hardest rock type (Fig.

7 Rapid rate of cliff recession and change in cliff profile for a mudstone cliff at Kohriyama, Japan, based on studies of Aramaki (1978). Taken from Sunamura (1992), and used with the permission of the author and John Wiley and Sons, Publishers. sections of exceptionally hard dolomitic limestone that was initially exposed by the movement of the Laurentide ice sheet, but subsequently reshaped by glacial Lake Algonquin and, later, Lake Nipissing. In some places, exposed cliffs composed of reef-forming organisms plunge to considerable depths and show no sign of current mass wasting (Tovell, 1992).

15 Inland tower karst development in China. Such outcrops are the result of dissolution of the entire limestone plane over 100–300 million years. Photo courtesy of D. Ford, and used with permission of Chapman and Hall. rock determine its susceptibility to weathering processes, and climate controls the rate at which these processes act. Wind, water and gravity are the principal agents of erosion. The geological structure of the bedrock also controls the underlying hydrology, which in turn controls the availability of moisture in the cliff environment.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.69 of 5 – based on 15 votes