Civic Discipline: Geography in America, 1860-1890 by Karen M. Morin

By Karen M. Morin

Proven in 1851, the yankee Geographical Society (AGS) is the oldest specialist geographical association within the usa, and was once the pre-eminent such society within the nineteenth century. This e-book explores how geographical wisdom and practices took form as a civic company by way of the AGS, below the management of Charles P. Daly, its president for 35 years (1864-1899). It hyperlinks the beliefs and programmatic pursuits of the AGS to the vast institutional, societal, and spatial contexts that elevated curiosity in geography within the post-Civil conflict interval (such as speedy U.S. territorial enlargement and linked immigration patterns), in addition to to Charles Daly's personal social geography-his own subjectivity and function as big apple civic chief, pupil, respected ny pass judgement on, and particularly, popularizer of geography. Daly's management in a couple of civic and social reform reasons resonated heavily together with his paintings as geographer, reminiscent of his impact in tenement housing and road sanitation reform in manhattan urban. He additionally curious about extra advertisement initiatives, together with in American railroad improvement and colonization of the African Congo. The publication examines and gives insights into this wide variety of pursuits, in addition to his influential function in selling early Arctic explorations in long island. total, it highlights how Daly's light, patrician character, shaped through an Irish operating classification historical past and deep feel of upward mobility, mixed together with his respected mind and well known felony judgements, and particularly his own stake in several advertisement corporations, all expert the geographies he and his AGS colleagues produced. via telling the tale of nineteenth century AGS and Charles Daly, this ebook presents a serious appraisal of the position of specific actors, associations, and practices fascinated with the improvement and merchandising of geography within the mid-19th century U.S. that's lengthy late.

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Maria Daly’s diaries, both published and unpublished, are also an important source of such information. Harold Hammond, ed. , 1962); Maria L. Daly Correspondence and Papers, Vols. 25, 26, 27, and 28, Charles P. Daly Correspondence and Papers, NYPL. Unidentified article, Evening Post, 1 September 1864. Scores of similar statements appeared in the papers upon Daly’s retirement from the bench; for instance, “Chief- 26 Civic Discipline Justice Daly,” New York Times, 15 November 1884; and “Forty-one Years a Judge: The Honorable Career of a Wise and Upright Jurist,” New York Times, 15 November 1885.

The quote comes from an article advocating that President Grant appoint Daly to the United States Supreme Court. ” Second quote from a Herald article of 13 October 1876, cited in Harold Hammond, A Commoner’s Judge: The Life and Times of Charles Patrick Daly (Boston: Christopher Publishing House, 1954): 275. 33 “Chief Justice Daly,” The Hour, 29 January 1881. Subsequent chapters provide a more in-depth analysis of media responses to Daly’s lectures and other geographical events. 34 “To Have a New Home,” New York Tribune, 26 September 1897.

Daly’s Gendered Geography 33 The AGS first distinguished itself in the mid-nineteenth century through its two principal objectives, the collecting and disseminating of information, and serving the business interests of New York. These were accomplished by hosting lectures, developing a research library, and publishing geographical and statistical findings. The original charter of the organization, passed by the New York State Legislature in 1852, defined its purpose as simply “collecting and diffusing geographical and statistical information”18 and indicating that members were to have distinguished themselves in one or the other field.

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