By Charles Pattie, Patrick Seyd, Paul Whiteley
There are expanding issues approximately adjustments in society and the financial system that are undermining the effectiveness of democracy and weakening conventional conceptions of citizenship. What does it suggest to be a British citizen within the early a part of the twenty first century? This ebook offers the 1st significant empirical research of citizenship in Britain, comprising surveys of political participation and voluntary actions, and of the ideals and values which underpin them. in addition to featuring new info, the authors supply a cosmopolitan dialogue of the concept that of citizenship, and the implications of an absence of civic engagement in a latest democracy. It examines why a few individuals are 'good' electorate while others are 'bad' and it explores the results of citizenship for policy-makers and democracy. accomplished and available, this ebook makes a tremendous contribution to our knowing of civic attitudes in Britain at the present time and should entice scholars, researchers and policy-makers.
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Extra info for Citizenship in Britain: Values, Participation and Democracy
If B then decides to cooperate after several rounds, A immediately forgives the earlier defection and starts to cooperate as well. What is Citizenship? 21 it more likely that cooperation will take place between people who know each other than between strangers. This is of course a very sparse model, ignoring such issues as identity, morality and the law, but the core elements of the theory of cooperation give some guidance as to the circumstances under which citizenship will emerge. Citizenship is more likely to emerge among equals in a permanently settled community who are neighbours and who have a forum in which they can interact and where this institution can impose sanctions.
11 welfare. Individuals must cooperate together to solve various collective action problems and they do this through the medium of the state which provides a forum for solving such problems. In this perspective citizenship is about reconciling the interests of the individual and the state within a legal framework. The emphasis is on equal rights, to ensure that civil, political and social rights are enjoyed equally by all members of society. As Janoski and Gran (2002) explain: At a foundation level, all citizenship rights are legal and political because citizenship rights are legislated by governmental decision-making bodies, promulgated by executive orders, or enacted and later enforced by legal decisions.
Indeed the growth of transnational institutions might easily provoke a backlash if citizens feel that these institutions are remote and unresponsive to their concerns. Multicultural theorists make a similar point to transnational theorists, except they are principally concerned with the treatment of ethnic 14 Citizenship in Britain minorities who most commonly are already full citizens. Their particular concern is to promote the idea that such minorities should have special group rights in addition to their individual rights, which should enable them to sustain their minority identities and cultures within the wider society.