Christian Democracy and the Origins of European Union by Wolfram Kaiser

By Wolfram Kaiser

Significant examine of the position of eu Christian democratic events within the making of the ecu Union. It significantly re-conceptualises ecu integration in long term historic standpoint because the end result of partisan festival of political ideologies and events and their guiding principles for the way forward for Europe. Wolfram Kaiser takes a comparative method of political Catholicism within the 19th century, Catholic events in interwar Europe and Christian democratic events in postwar Europe and reviews those events' cross-border contacts and co-ordination of policy-making. He exhibits how good networked get together elites ensured that the origins of ecu Union have been predominately Christian democratic, with significant repercussions for the present-day ecu. The elites succeeded by way of intensifying their cross-border communique and coordinating their political strategies and coverage making in govt. it is a significant contribution to the hot transnational background of Europe and the background of ecu integration.

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Christian Democracy and the Origins of European Union

Significant examine of the position of ecu Christian democratic events within the making of the eu Union. It substantially re-conceptualises eu integration in long term historic standpoint because the end result of partisan festival of political ideologies and events and their guiding principles for the way forward for Europe.

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The Pope’s self-declared ‘imprisonment’ in the Vatican certainly aroused much sympathy and support among the Catholic faithful. Yet whether or not he could re-establish Church rule over marshland northeast of Rome had no influence whatsoever on whether the children of Catholics throughout Europe were taught the biblical version of the creation of mankind by Catholic priests and Jesuits or Darwinist ideas of biological evolution by liberal or socialist teachers in state schools. Moreover, many German Catholics had in fact supported the kleindeutsch unification of Germany once their preferred grossdeutsch option including Catholic Austria was clearly out of the question.

28 Christian Democracy and the Origins of European Union nationalists and even many German-speaking socialists they were not sufficiently German-minded and supportive of some kind of grossdeutsch solution. For other ethnic nationalists they were not sufficiently federalist and in favour of far-reaching autonomy of the constituent parts of the Empire. 40 In France, the national reliability of Catholic conservatives was hardly in doubt in that they in fact propagated the most aggressive revanchist policy vis-a`-vis Germany after the lost war of 1870–1.

When it comes to the inclusion of neo-Thomists like Jacques Maritain, even this arbitrary selection does not support the continuity thesis. Maritain originally had a strongly communitarian conception of society, which idealised institutionalised cooperation of, and consensual decision-making by, professional bodies with the aim of creating and fostering social harmony. 57 Maritain only became fully converted to (parliamentary) democracy in opposition to the growing threat from totalitarian ideologies and states in the 1930s and during his exile in the United States.

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