China’s Local Entrepreneurial State and New Urban Spaces: by Han Zhang

By Han Zhang

In this booklet, the writer seeks to appreciate China’s city redevelopment from the theoretical standpoint of the neighborhood entrepreneurial nation. China’s swift socio-economic adjustments due to the fact 1978 were largely attributed to China’s nation modifications. the writer heavily investigates Ningbo’s downtown redevelopment tasks via engaging in ethnographic fieldwork and documentary study. it really is chanced on that the neighborhood entrepreneurial kingdom deploys neighborhood kingdom corporations to adopt strategic city redevelopment tasks, organizes high-profile city/district advertising campaigns in entrepreneurial manners, and develops corporatist intermediations with neighborhood company vendors for collaborative city governance. but the neighborhood entrepreneurial kingdom is multi-layered, with the municipal and district specialists occasionally disagreeing, conflicting, and bargaining with one another. in the meantime, the connection among areas and their clients, in addition to that among a variety of area clients, continuously alterations. these kind of gamers and their interactions represent “spatial politics”, or the tale of conflicts, struggles, negotiations, and collaborations in city governance. This paintings, in keeping with six months of fieldwork, will entice students within the social sciences and specialists in Asian Studies.

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His plan wiped off most old structures on the site except about 20 old trees and three historic buildings and relics. He interpreted the big central square within Tianyi Square as a symbolic landmark declaring the birth of a new urban core in Ningbo. 35 In addition, the property ownership of all the newly built shops has been retained by the NBUCI 26 H. 36 No tenant is allowed to sublease his/her shop to other tenants. 37 In sum, the low building density, the land-use pattern primarily for retail industry, and the unitary property ownership and management system by the NBUCI, made Tianyi Square essentially different from an ordinary CBD that is usually full of high-density skyscrapers for office use.

85 Starting on December 1, 2000, 3750 residential households and 340 work units and other organizations in this area began to sign relocation agreements with the NBUCI, and on March 12, 2001, electric and water supplies were to be cut off, and the demolition was to start. There were two rehousing options: rehousing in resident-decided locations (zixuan anzhi) and rehousing in government-designated locations (zhijie anzhi). The former meant that households could choose monetary compensation in the form of a housing coupon (fang piao),86 and buy or rent apartments elsewhere on their own, and the latter meant households could choose to buy or rent apartments provided by the Ningbo government at subsidized prices as in-kind compensation, which, in this particular case, was Nanyuan Estate (nanyuan xiaoqu) in Haishu District,87 about four kilometers south of Tianyi Square.

144 A more interesting case of merchandise reorganization is the God of Herbal Medicine Hall. Once the lease between the NBCSDM and the DHY Pharm expired, the main hall of the God of Herbal Medicine Hall has been leased to Qingyuan Teahouse (qingyuan chaguan), and its annexes were leased to some arts and craft stores selling jade handicraft (see Fig. 1). A manager in the Investment Office of the NBCSDM told me that those tenants were selected by the NBCSDM because their businesses 44 H. 145 In addition, the NBCSDM operates its own department stores in Tianyi Square as sustainable cash cows: Gugo Shopping Mall and International Shopping Center.

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