Mines, Miners, and Minerals of Western North Carolina: by Lowell Presnell

By Lowell Presnell

Mining in Western North Carolina performed an incredible financial function within the lives of its humans and the state's background, yet little has been recorded concerning the undefined, particularly the daily trials and triumphs of the person miner. provided pay attention are the stories of old-timers as they discuss learning large books of mica, outrunning muck automobiles, and checking out within the nick of time mine has undesirable air. wonder at Conrad Reed who chanced on an interesting-looking rock (a seventeen-pound gold nugget) or Dr. George Kunz, vice chairman of Tiffany's, who looked for hiddenite yet needed to accept gem-quality emeralds as an alternative. find out about the recognized advertisement and personal mines that provided this state with the uncooked fabrics wanted for protection and know-how. Minerals mined in Western North Carolina comprise alum, asbestos, lay, corundum, copper, chromium, feldspar, granite, gold, graphite, gravel, iron, kyanite, lead, limestone, mica, marble, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, quartz, sand, silver, tin, tungsten, talc, uranium, vermiculite, zinc, and plenty of different types of gems reminiscent of diamonds, garnets, emeralds, rubies, and beryl.

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Drilling - Oil and Gas Field Development Techniques by Nguyen, Jean-Paul

By Nguyen, Jean-Paul

This e-book describes the most parts of expertise which are at once or not directly on the topic of drilling boreholes, specially wells which are designed to provide oil. The reader will discover a dialogue of the techniques which are integral in scheduling and designing boreholes, in addition to the correct apparatus. additionally coated are the innovations particular to imposing the apparatus concerned, optimizing drilling tactics and protecting defense in operations. The book's leader goal is to supply the main info attainable to all those that want a finished knowing of the driller's goals and the assets he calls for in generating and constructing oil fields. it's fairly well-suited to the desires of the technical individual whose box of job is found upstream from oil and fuel construction, e.g. geologists, geophysicists, and reservoir and creation facility engineers. it is going to even be of use to administrative body of workers in oil businesses, corresponding to these in administration, assurance and felony departments. The textual content is absolutely illustrated and accordingly enables the reader's clutch of the fundamentals of this hugely technical occupation.
Content:
entrance topic
• desk of Contents
1. advent
2. Designing an Oil good
three. Downhole apparatus
four. The Drilling Rig
five. Drilling Fluids
6. Wellheads
7. Casing and Cementing Operations
eight. Measurements and Drilling
nine. rules of Kick keep watch over
10. Directional Drilling
eleven. Fishing Jobs
12. The Drill Stem try (DST)
thirteen. Drilling Offshore
• References
Index

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Shallow Refraction Seismics by Bengt Sjogren

By Bengt Sjogren

There are many basic geophysical textbooks facing the topic of seismic refraction. commonly, they deal with the rules and huge facets ofthe strategy comprehensively yet difficulties linked to engineering seismics at shallow depths are taken care of to a lesser volume. The purpose of this ebook is to stress a few sensible and theoretical points of distinctive refraction surveys for civil engineering initiatives and water prospecting. The e-book is meant for college students of geophysics, specialist geophysicists and geologists in addition to for body of workers who, with no being without delay fascinated with seismic paintings, are making plans surveys and comparing and utilizing seismic effects. The latter type will most likely locate Chapters 1, five and six of so much curiosity. Interpretation tools, box paintings and interpretation of box examples represent the most a part of the ebook. whilst writing i've got attempted to be aware of themes now not frequently defined within the literature. in truth, a few discussions on interpretation and correction thoughts and on assets of blunders haven't been released formerly. the sphere examples, that are taken from websites with a variety of geological stipulations, diversity from easy to quite complex interpretation difficulties. thank you are because of A/S Geoteam (Norway), Atlas Copco ABEM AB (Sweden), BEHACO (Sweden) and the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute for permitting me to take advantage of box examples and likely facts from their investigations. I may still rather prefer to thank Professor Dattatray S. Parasnis of the collage of Luleii (Sweden) for revising the manuscript and for his a variety of beneficial suggestions.

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Advanced Production Decline Analysis and Application by Hedong Sun

By Hedong Sun

In contemporary years, construction decline-curve research has turn into the main widespread instrument within the for oil and gasoline reservoir creation research. even if, so much curve research is finished through laptop at the present time, selling a "black-box" method of engineering and leaving engineers with little history within the basics of decline research. Advanced creation Decline research and Application begins from the elemental inspiration of complicated creation decline research, and punctiliously discusses a number of decline tools, resembling Arps, Fetkovich, Blasingame, Agarwal-Gardner, NPI, temporary, lengthy linear movement, and FMB. a realistic systematic advent to every technique is helping the reservoir engineer comprehend the actual and mathematical types, clear up the kind curves and fit up research, learn the methods and examples, and reconstruct the entire examples through hand, giving strategy to grasp the basics at the back of the software program. An appendix explains the nomenclature and significant equations, and as an further bonus, on-line laptop courses can be found for obtain.

  • Understand the main complete and present checklist of decline equipment, together with Arps, Fetkovich, Blasingame, and Agarwal-Gardner
  • Gain specialist wisdom with ideas, techniques, real-world situations and box examples
  • Includes on-line downloadable computing device courses on Blasingame decline sort curves and normalized pseudo-pressure of fuel wells

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Specification for tunnelling by The British Tunnelling Society

By The British Tunnelling Society

The BTS Specification for Tunnelling has turn into the normal record for tunnelling contracts, and types the root of tunnelling requisites for tasks during the global. The specification has been revised during this 3rd variation to mirror present top perform and to take account of the numerous advances within the box of tunnelling that have happened over the past decade. insurance of sprayed concrete has been elevated in reputation of its elevated utilization around the globe and there are new sections on sprayed utilized water resistant membranes and jacked field tunnelling. All references to codes, criteria and different layout records were comprehensively up to date.

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Diamond deposits : origin, exploration, and history of by Edward I. Erlich, W. Dan Hausel

By Edward I. Erlich, W. Dan Hausel

The fabric present in Diamond Deposits offers a origin for discussing probably the most primary difficulties of theoretical geology, reminiscent of the timing of geological occasions and the improvement of cratonic components. Written for geologists and diamond prospectors, this ebook presents a normal evaluation of diamond exploration and exploitation. The textual content covers how to define, realize, and assessment the opportunity of diamond deposits. The ebook deals examples of those approaches by means of reviewing the historical past of significant diamond discoveries within the western usa and Russia.

Diamond Deposits essentially makes a speciality of the geology of universal diamond host rocks, together with kimberlite and lamproite. It additionally reports the incidence of a few unconventional host rocks that experience produced extraordinary diamond discoveries.

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Ground Engineering - Principles and Practices for by J.M. Galvin

By J.M. Galvin

This ebook teaches readers floor engineering ideas and comparable mining and danger administration practices linked to underground coal mining. It establishes the elemental components of danger administration and the elemental ideas of floor behaviour after which applies those to the basic development blocks of any underground coal mining approach, comprising excavations, pillars, and interactions among workings.

Readers also will know about forms of floor aid and reinforcement structures and their working mechanisms. those parts give you the platform wherein the foundations could be utilized to mining perform and danger administration, directed basically to bord and pillar mining, pillar extraction, longwall mining, sub-surface and floor subsidence, and operational hazards.

The textual content concludes by way of offering the framework of risk-based flooring keep an eye on administration structures for reaching secure offices and effective mining operations. moreover, a finished reference record presents extra resources of knowledge at the topic. all through, a wide number of examples exhibit stable and undesirable mining occasions to be able to show the appliance, or absence, of the confirmed rules in practice.

Written through a professional in underground coal mining and threat administration, this ebook can help scholars and practitioners achieve a deep figuring out of the elemental ideas in the back of designing and accomplishing mining operations which are secure, effective, and economically viable.

  • Provides a complete insurance of flooring engineering rules inside a hazard administration framework
  • Features a wide number of examples that exhibit solid and negative mining occasions in an effort to exhibit the appliance of the demonstrated rules in practice
  • Ideal for college kids and practitioners

About the author

Emeritus Professor Jim Galvin has a comparatively precise blend of business, study and educational event within the mining that spans professional examine and utilized wisdom in flooring engineering, mine administration and threat administration. His occupation encompasses directing flooring engineering learn teams in South Africa and Australia; functional mining event, together with energetic participation within the mines rescue carrier and accountability for the layout, operation, and administration of enormous underground coal mines and for the implications of lack of flooring keep watch over as a mine supervisor; appointments as Professor and Head of the college of Mining Engineering on the college of latest South Wales; and safeguard consultant to a few forums of administrators of firms linked to mining.

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Syntactic Pattern Recognition for Seismic Oil Exploration by Kou-Yuan Huang

By Kou-Yuan Huang

Using trend reputation has develop into an increasing number of vital in seismic oil exploration. examining a wide quantity of seismic info is a hard challenge. Seismic mirrored image facts within the one-shot seismogram and stacked seismogram might comprise a few structural details from the reaction of the subsurface. Syntactic/structural trend reputation options can realize the structural seismic styles and enhance seismic interpretations. The syntactic research tools comprise: (1) the error-correcting finite-state parsing; (2) the transformed error-correcting Earley's parsing; (3) the parsing utilizing the fit primitive degree; (4) the Levenshtein distance computation; (5) the possibility ratio try out; (6) the error-correcting tree automata; and (7) a hierarchical method. Syntactic seismic trend acceptance might be one of many milestones of a geophysical clever interpretation process. The syntactic tools during this publication could be utilized to different components, resembling the scientific prognosis approach. The paintings will be of curiosity to geophysicists, desktop scientists and electric engineers.

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Successes and New Directions in Data Mining (Premier by pascal Poncelet

By pascal Poncelet

The matter of mining styles is changing into a truly lively examine quarter and effective ideas were greatly utilized to difficulties in undefined, executive, and technological know-how. From the preliminary definition and prompted by way of real-applications, the matter of mining styles not just addresses the discovering of itemsets but in addition an increasing number of advanced styles.

Successes and New instructions in information Mining addresses current ideas for information mining, with specific emphasis on capability real-world functions. taking pictures defining study on issues akin to fuzzy set conception, clustering algorithms, semi-supervised clustering, modeling and coping with info mining styles, and series motif mining, this publication is an fundamental source for library collections.

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