Medieval Armies and Weapons in Western Europe - An by Jean-Denis G. G. Lepage

By Jean-Denis G. G. Lepage

Средневековье обычно делится на три периода — раннее Средневековье, высокое или классическое Средневековье, и позднее Средневековье. Каждый период был отмечен его собственными кризисами и войнами, оружием и обмундированием. Эта книга - богато иллюстрированная история войн в Западной Европе в течение тех лет.The heart a long time are in general divided into 3 periods—the early center a long time, the excessive or vital center a while, and the past due center a long time. each one interval used to be marked via its personal crises and wars, and the guns and warring parties mirrored the technological and different developments being made. This booklet is a richly illustrated background of conflict in Western Europe in the course of these years.Part One, the early heart a long time, covers the past due Romans, the Germanic invaders and Byzantines, the Franks, the Vikings and Hungarians, and the Anglo-Saxons and Normans in England. half , the excessive or valuable heart a while, considers the feudal procedure, knights and chivalry, knights at conflict, soldiers, land battle, siege and naval conflict, crusades in Palestine, templars and hospitalers, the Reconquista in Spain, and the Teutonic knights. half 3, the overdue heart a long time, discusses the evolution of latest sorts of armor and guns, the Hundred Years’ conflict, mercenaries, and firearms.--

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French Army 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War: 2 Republican Troops by Stephen Shann, Louis Delperier, Richard Hook

By Stephen Shann, Louis Delperier, Richard Hook

The capitulation of Napoleon and his military at Sedan in September 1870 shook Paris to its foundations. the second one Empire used to be swept from energy, and a central authority of nationwide Defence swiftly installed its position. to interchange the weakened specialist military the French known as for a 'war of the people'. A spouse quantity to Men-at-Arms 233: The French military 1870-71 Franco-Prussian battle (1) Imperial Troops, this ebook covers the forces that participated within the moment half the crusade, together with the average military, l' Arme? d' Afrique, los angeles Garde cellular, los angeles Garde Nationale and the naval forces. The textual content is followed via modern photos and distinctive color plates.

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The Martini-Henry Rifle by Stephen Manning

By Stephen Manning

The breech-loading, single-shot .458in Martini-Henry rifle has develop into a logo of either the Anglo-Zulu conflict of 1879 and the various battles in Egypt and the Sudan in 1884-85, yet persevered for use through either British and colonial troops good into the 20 th century. Its invention and creation into British carrier have been in direct reaction to the good fortune of the Prussian Dreyse needle gun, which proven that the breech-loading rifle provided speedier loading, stronger accuracy and improved variety; considerably, the weapon may be loaded and fired from a providers place, therefore supplying the rifleman larger safeguard at the battlefield.

The Martini-Henry first observed energetic carrier within the 9th Cape Frontier conflict (1877-79), the place it was once relatively powerful at preventing the cost of rebellious tribesmen on the conflict of Centane. certainly the luck of the rifle bred a certain quantity of complacency within the British military that, armed with one of these weapon, the British may possibly repel any assault, no matter if heavily outnumbered. The British defeat at Zulu fingers at Isandlwana dispelled this fable and it used to be basically with the adoption of the sq. formation at Gingindlovu and Ulundi, with a corresponding focus of fireplace, that the Martini-Henry rather proven its 'stopping power'. a similar tactical formation and use of the Martini-Henry persevered within the battles in Sudan in 1884-85. The Martini-Henry back confirmed its skill to forestall charging warriors within the moment Afghan struggle (1878-80), really on the conflict of Ahmed Khel, yet opposed to a strength armed with glossy weaponry, as on the defeat of Maiwand, the British military didn't fare besides. In 1888 the rifle was once changed in British provider via the bolt-action, magazine-fed .303in Lee-Metford and Martini-Henry creation led to 1889, however it used to be to stay in provider with colonial forces into international warfare I.

The Martini-Henry rifle used to be no longer with out its faults or its critics. The rifle possessed a dreadful cringe while fired, specially as soon as the bore was once fouled, and in sustained strive against critical bruising, even dislocation of shoulders and nostril bleeds, have been most probably. The rifle had no defense mechanism of any kind and used to be vulnerable to discharge if grit or sand entered the set off mechanism. The weapon might jam, for the extractor grip may tear in the course of the smooth brass of the cartridge, or sand might input the mechanism and reason the same jam. The barrel turned intensely sizzling whilst fired and even supposing, from the Mk II layout onwards, a wood forestock was once additional to offer a few safeguard, the barrel might usually develop into too scorching to touch.

Despite those faults, the Martini-Henry Mk II used to be a long way greater to any firearm formerly issued to the British military. Its small bore - which intended squaddies may perhaps hold extra ammunition - higher accuracy, reduce trajectory, ease of operation and reloading with consequent rapidity of firing, in addition to its robustness, all mixed to make the Martini-Henry an exceptional, if now not continuously thoroughly liable, weapon for use opposed to Britain's enemies. It was once sighted to 1,000yd and will keep a cheap measure of accuracy at that variety. The gentle lead bullet might cease a charging warrior in his tracks, and in skilled fingers ten to 12 'aimed' volleys should be fired in keeping with minute into the charging ranks of a massed enemy.

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Mitsubishi A6M Zero by Artur Juszczak

By Artur Juszczak

The illustrated technical historical past of the main recognized eastern warplane of global conflict . different models of the airplane, from the 1940 prototypes to the ultimate Kamikaze airplane of 1945 are defined and illustrated; all of the alterations in specification, gear and function are recorded. Drawings and knowledge from the unique technical manuals, complete dimensional information and pictures of surviving examples preserved in aviation museums illustrate all points of the airframe, inside and outside. Wartime pictures and plenty of pages of color illustrations entire the book's entire assurance.

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Saltpeter: The Mother of Gunpowder by David Cressy

By David Cressy

This can be the tale of saltpeter, the important yet mysterious substance craved by way of governments from the Tudors to the Victorians as an 'inestimable treasure.'

National protection relied on keep an eye on of this natural fabric - that had either mystical and mineral homes. Derived from soil enriched with dung and urine, it supplied the center or 'mother' of gunpowder, with no which no musket or cannon can be fired. Its acquisition concerned alchemical wisdom, unique know-how, intrusions into people's lives, and eventual dominance of the world's oceans.

The quest for saltpeter triggered frequent 'vexation' in Tudor and Stuart England, as crown brokers dug in houses and barns or even church buildings. Governments hungry for it bought provides from in another country retailers, transferred abilities from international specialists, and prolonged patronage to creative schemers, whereas the hated 'saltpetermen' intruded on inner most floor.

Eventually, large saltpeter imports from India relieved this social strain, and through the eighteenth century situated Britain as an international imperial energy; the governments of progressive the United States and ancien regime France, nonetheless, have been pressured to discover replacement resources of this valuable substance. finally, it was once in basic terms with the improvement of chemical explosives within the overdue Victorian interval that dependency on saltpeter eventually declined.

Saltpeter, the mum of Gunpowder tells this interesting tale for the 1st time. energetic and unique in its personal correct, it's also a story with far-reaching implications. As David Cressy's enticing narrative makes transparent, the tale of saltpeter is essential not just in explaining the inter-connected army, medical, and political 'revolutions' of the 17th century; it additionally performed a key position within the formation of the centralized British country nation - and that state's next dominance of the waves within the eighteenth and 19th centuries.

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Artillery through the ages; a short illustrated history of by Albert Manucy

By Albert Manucy

This can be a pre-1923 ancient replica that was once curated for caliber. caliber coverage was once performed on each one of those books in an try to eliminate books with imperfections brought by way of the digitization approach. notwithstanding we now have made top efforts - the books could have occasional error that don't hamper the examining adventure. We think this paintings is culturally vital and feature elected to carry the ebook again into print as a part of our carrying on with dedication to the maintenance of published works world wide. this article refers back to the Bibliobazaar version.

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