Carl Schurz, a biography by Hans L. Trefousse

By Hans L. Trefousse

The biography of Carl Schurz is a narrative of an awesome lifestyles. on the age of nineteen, Schurz, a scholar on the collage of Bonn, turned taken with the Revolution of 1848. engaging within the innovative military, he controlled to flee via a sewer in the course of the siege of Rastatt, flee around the Rhine to France, and are available again to rescue his professor, Gottfried Kinkel, from a prison close to Berlin. This deed made him recognized, and whilst he got here to American in 1852, Schurz was once nominated for lieutenant governor of Wisconsin at the Republican price ticket. He fast rose within the get together and was once the pinnacle of the Wisconsin delegation on the 1860 nationwide conference. He labored tough for the reason, and Lincoln rewarded him with the publish of Minister to Spain. on the outbreak of conflict he back to affix the Union military, grew to become an immense common, and participated in different very important battles. After the battle, he moved to Missouri, was once elected Senator from that kingdom, and have become a job version for his fellow German americans. In 1871 he grew to become one of many major figures within the Liberal Republican circulate, and in 1877 President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed him Secretary of the inner. After his retirement from the cupboard, Schurz turned energetic within the politics of recent York, as an suggest of municipal and civil carrier reform. He used to be a number one Mugwump who supported Grover Cleveland in 1884 and on the finish of his existence turned a violent opponent of imperialism. He died in 1906. Carl Schurz, the guy, his tale, his beliefs and his instance, are relatively applicable at the present time as a result of mild his lifestyles sheds at the endless difficulties of immigration, assimilation, and the retention of ethnic identification. Carl Schurz's profession furnishes a version instance for all of those.

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As the rector reported to Berlin, the students believed that one of them, ''the Bonn native named Schurz, a principal leader of the Republicans," was to be jailed. Because it was said the arrest was to be carried out illegally, however, even the conservatives sympathized with him. Consequently, when Schurz protested, the academic authorities denied that anything had been planned against him, and the university community calmed down. Although the academic senate was still considering the advisability of bringing charges against him, it finally dropped the matter.

The incident did not strengthen Carl's trust in the clergy. When the boy was barely six, his father took him to the village school. He soon learned to read and write, and when the books in his father's library were too difficult for him, he could find marvelous children's books at the circulating library at nearby Brühl. Robinson Crusoe was his favorite, but he also read ancient German legends and a patriotic volume about a soldier in the Wars of Liberation. When he was ill with the measles, his father read Schiller's poems to him.

Situated at a pleasant location some twenty miles up river from the metropolis, with a splendid vista of the Seven Mountains across the Rhine, it had Page 11 formerly been the residence of the archbishop-electors. Compact, clean, and comfortable, it contained Beethoven's birthplace, but the main attraction was its university, a well-known institution of more than seven hundred students from various parts of the country. Located in the handsome electoral palace, it contained seventeen lecture rooms, some large enough to accommodate three hundred students, a library, one museum of Roman and one of Greek antiquities, an attached hospital, as well as three other buildings for public lectures, the school of anatomy, the observatory, and Poppelsdorf Castle, a splendid palace at the upper end of an imposing avenue flanked by a double row of trees.

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