By Thomas M Mack; Myles Cockburn
This quantity, the 1st of its type ever, is designed to supply either laypersons and execs with a close description of the incidence of every universal kind of melanoma within the ethnically, socially, and environmentally complicated milieu of a latest city advanced. where is la County, and the styles of seventy two assorted malignancies are defined in response to race, age, intercourse, social type calendar time (since 1972) and so much particularly, person local, utilizing specific maps of excessive possibility. The ebook allows citizens to display the malignancies and determine these of specific quandary in the community, and to spot different groups with related matters. The development of every malignancy is in brief mentioned on the subject of heritage wisdom of causation and the measure to which the saw trend used to be anticipated on that foundation. people living open air l. a. County will determine styles prone to be triumphant of their personal groups. Physicians and clinical investigators in California and in different places can use the cloth supplied to information sufferers and review the consistency of any particular development of incidence with every one particular causal speculation. an in depth appendix describes the resource of information, presents the foundation for the alternatives made within the creation of the quantity, and offers a viewpoint searching for clusters of malignancy. * Compares varieties of cancers with recognize to the measure of non-random incidence * includes a variety of maps detailing the demographic and geographic trend of melanoma incidence in la County * offers an empirical point of view to the quest for ailment "clusters." Read more...
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Additional resources for Cancers in the urban environment: patterns of malignant disease in Los Angeles County and its neighborhoods
Because it is certain that some of the high-risk census tracts have received that designation by chance alone, the goal is to identify an overall geographical pattern that is unlikely to represent chance. The features of importance when interpreting the map are whether the high-risk census tracts are near or adjacent to one another, whether they are concentrated in one area of the county, and the number of red census tracts that are at high risk for both males and females. No specific statistical criteria are employed (see the section Scientific and Technical Notes).
No census tract stands out on the basis of a particularly high number of excess cases. The causes of salivary gland malignancies are unknown, although some have suggested that ionizing radiation may play a causal role. There are also suggestions that certain occupational exposures, such as those prevalent in the rubber industry, might contribute to increased risk. Local Pattern Thumbnail Interpretation These malignancies are slightly more common among men than women, and slightly less common in Los Angeles County than in other areas of the country.
It may be useful to compare each map with the three maps of annual case frequency, social class, and race/ethnicity provided in the section Scientific and Technical Notes. Even though our methods are designed to single out only those high-risk census tracts least likely to be due to chance, the number of comparisons is so large that many of the census tracts selected will still be included by virtue of chance. There is no hard and fast rule available to tell us whether this is true for any given tract or set of census tracts.