By Robert E. Carter
The numerous difficulties we are facing in trendy global -- between them conflict, environmental destruction, non secular and racial intolerance, and irrelevant applied sciences -- call for that we rigorously reassess such concerns as our relation to the surroundings, the character of development, final reasons, and human values. those are all matters, Robert Carter explains, which are in detail associated with our conception of life's that means. whereas many books speak about life's that means both analytically or prescriptively, Carter addresses values and methods of significant residing from a broader standpoint, utilizing eastern philosophy to reinforce his research. He examines Martin Heidegger's contrast among living and current on this planet, Lawrence Kohlberg's degree seven of human ethical improvement, and the works of Viktor Frankl, Carol Gilligan, and Nel Noddings. He applies hermeneutic and deconstructionist concept to the query of which means, and explores the feminist contribution to ethics and its relation to the interconnectedness of items celebrated in Zen and Shinto notion. Bridging a variety of dichotomies comparable to East/West, reason/emotion, male/female, and caring/justice, Carter indicates that ethics, environmental situation, worrying, and pleasure in residing are depending on the expansion and transformation of the self. simply through changing into conscious of the interrelatedness of items, Carter unearths, will we turn into as supple and as robust because the bamboo tree, lengthy the emblem of toughness and fidelity.
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Extra resources for Becoming Bamboo: Western and Eastern Explorations of the Meaning of Life
The rationality of thought is the derivative and secondary one. "30 Reasoning is a special form of emotion or feeling: it is, as Peters argued, the methodological, logical, and careful application of consciousness that defines reason, broadly speaking. One has to decide that these qualities matter, and become passionate in one's defence of them. We can educate people to reason "correctly," to come to learn about and to care about correct argument, logical form, and defended content. We bring them to have an interest in such things.
All experiences are immediate apprehensions, and Stace urges that an analysis of experience will reveal that it implies consciousness. His summary account is worth quoting in full: All consciousness includes valuation. This does not mean that we have two things, consciousness and valuation, always accompanying one another. It means that we have two inseparable aspects of one and the same process. We may for certain purposes separate out the cognitive side, but then it is an abstraction. Every act of consciousness as such values or disvalues its data.
There have been times when within the Judaeo-Christian tradition we have been warned against too much thinking as well, and have been instructed to depend upon authority of some sort, or revelation, instead. But throughout, the warnings against the biddings of the flesh, and against the feelings and emo- 24 Becoming Bamboo tions associated with the flesh rather than with the mind, have been constant. Puritanism is perhaps the ultimate flowering of such antiflesh, anti-feeling teachings. It is true, of course, that we can be swept away by our emotions, and that we can be excessively determined in this way by the generally negative emotions of anger, or hatred, or even by love.