Art and Architecture of the Synagogue in Late Antique by David Milson

By David Milson

This learn is a re-evaluation of the effect of Christian artwork and structure on synagogues in overdue old Palestine, focussing on good points universal to either church buildings and synagogues. Why did radical adjustments look in Jewish paintings and structure in the course of a interval of festival with Christians?

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Gutmann, on account of similar mosaics recently discovered in Jordan, argues for Justin II. See: Sukenik, 1932, 58; Gutmann, 1995, 227. 28 For example, Kyris Hoples, Kyra Protone, Kyris Sallustius, Comes Phroros Kyris Photios, and Kyris Haninah gave 5 gold denarii; Rav Tanhum gave one tremissis; see catalogue infra and Sukenik, 1935, 129-147. 29 Sukenik concluded his archaeological survey of ancient synagogues confident that the ‘normative Judaism’ theory was sound: “New discoveries are constantly being made, in Palestine as well as in the centres of the Diaspora, which will undoubtedly add new details to our conception of the early synagogue.

For the geographic distribution of these two terms: Hengel, 1975, and also Reisner, 1995, 183; Claussen, 2002, 114-120. For other related terms found in the Graeco-Roman Diaspora, see: Rajak, 2002. 26 The inscription was found mixed with rubble in a cistern by Weill, who believed that it belongs to the first century on paleographic grounds, see: Weill, 1920. CIJ II, 1404 (=Lifshitz 79). This inscription is critical for an understanding of the synagogue in Jerusalem before the destruction of the Temple.

4 However, archaeological evidence seems to indicate otherwise, as new synagogues continued to be built at the same time as other synagogues were renovated. Hostility toward Jews in Late Antiquity might have been a char- 1 Shrines were built not only as sanctuaries for a martyr, but also on sites referred to in the NT, such as the Nativity in Bethlehem, Krautheimer, 1986, 94; Mango, 1976, 44-6. 2 Literature on the ancient synagogue is extensive and growing. For recent works on the state of research, see for example: Safrai and Stern, 1976; Hüttenmeister and Reeg, 1977; Schürer, 1979; Meyers, 1980; Gutmann, 1981; Levine, 1981b; Meyers, Strange and Meyers 1981; Chiat, 1982b; Meyers, 1987; Levine, 1987; Ilan, 1991; Urman and Flesher, 1995; Fine, 1996b; Fine, 1999a; Levine, 2000.

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