Arabic Idioms: A Corpus Based Study by Ashraf Abdou

By Ashraf Abdou

Idioms characterize a desirable linguistic phenomenon that has captured the eye of many linguists for many years. This corpus-based learn of idioms in smooth normal Arabic sheds gentle on their elaborate nature, establishes the foremost styles in their linguistic behaviour, and offers causes for those styles.

Adopting a descriptive framework, the examine addresses major concerns with reference to the discursive behaviour of idioms: the discursive services that they practice and the ways that they give a contribution to the harmony in their texts. interpreting basic information with reference to the semantic, discursive, lexical and grammatical homes of Arabic idioms, the writer touches at the ubiquity of those expressions in language use, the big variety of features they practice in discourse, the issues they typically reason in domain names corresponding to overseas language studying and translation, and their common divergence from the conventional principles of grammar and semantic compositionality.

Providing causes for significant linguistic phenomena, this research can be available to linguists, translators, lexicographers, translation software program builders, and language lecturers in addition to learners.

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Extra info for Arabic Idioms: A Corpus Based Study

Example text

Rather, it only means that this type of expression is abundant in spoken and written communication, yet with, sometimes strikingly, different frequencies for individual examples. In order to account fully for the dissimilarities in the frequency of idioms, one would need to conduct an in-depth analysis of the characteristics of the contexts in which they occur. Such an endeavor is out of the question here. However, it is possible to point to some factors that seem to account, even in part, for why particular idioms are frequent or infrequent in the corpus.

A basic set of specific lexical units that are arranged according to a typical constructional schema. He also points out that assuming the existence of such a base form is essential for defining the notions of fixedness and variation, and that idioms are very frequently used in their base forms (p. 176). It is not always easy to decide on the base form of an idiom, since slightly different formal variants with the same idiomatic meaning(s) might occur with more or less the same frequency (see Fellbaum 2007b).

PST lit. PST DEF-belt-ACC lit. g. PST neck-ACC sbj sbi/sth lit. g. g. PST lit. 5 Continued No. Idiom 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 lit. PST DEF-fire-ACC at sb/sthj sbi verbally attacked sb/sthj, or sthi caused sb/sthj to be criticized (cf. PST back-ACC DEF-shield-GEN to-sb/sth lit. F-ACC sb/sth lit. he broke sb/sth’s thorn he deprived sb/sth of their/its power Another literal meaning of shawkah is ‘sting’. POSSi lit. sb/sthi and that who/which turned round in the same way as sb/sthi did sbi and that who is of his type, sthi and that which is of its kind, or sbi and that who does just as he does (cf.

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