Apocalypse : earthquakes, archaeology, and the wrath of God by Amos Nur

By Amos Nur

What if Troy was once no longer destroyed within the epic conflict immortalized by means of Homer? What if many mythical towns of the traditional international didn't meet their ends via conflict and conquest as archaeologists and historians think, yet actually have been laid waste via a strength of nature so catastrophic that religions and legends describe it because the wrath of god? Apocalypse brings the most recent clinical proof to endure on biblical money owed, mythology, and the archaeological list to discover how historic and glossy earthquakes have formed history--and, for a few civilizations, doubtless heralded the top of the world.

Archaeologists are knowledgeable to hunt human reasons in the back of the ruins they learn. due to this, the sophisticated clues that point out earthquake harm are usually missed or maybe neglected. Amos Nur bridges the distance that for too lengthy has separated archaeology and seismology. He examines tantalizing facts of earthquakes at a number of the world's most famed archaeological websites within the Mediterranean and in different places, together with Troy, Jericho, Knossos, Mycenae, Armageddon, Teotihuacán, and Petra. He unearths what the Bible, the Iliad , and different writings can let us know concerning the seismic calamities which could have rocked the traditional international. He even explores how earthquakes could have helped shield the useless Sea Scrolls. As Nur indicates, spotting earthquake harm within the shifted foundations and toppled arches of historical ruins is key this present day as the medical checklist of global earthquake hazards remains to be incomplete. Apocalypse explains the place and why historical earthquakes struck--and may possibly strike again.

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My reconstruction of this fatal accident is that the individual had been killed by a rockfall while he was standing . . His body was not completely covered with stones, although the impact was forceful . . A number of stones must have fallen on him within split seconds, throwing his body backwards full length down the slight slope. Much discussion has focused on the health of two of the earthquake victims Solecki uncovered in the cave. Laboratory examination of the remains of Shanidar I showed that his right arm was deformed, probably from birth.

Although my expertise is in geophysics, I also recognize that we must not ignore the rich and diverse body of archaeological literature. Certainly, the seismic activity of the Mediterranean in no way diminishes the cultural and political complexity of the area. However, whenever I initiate a discussion of prehistoric earthquakes with an archaeologist, the response, nearly every time, is uneasy skepticism. indd 23 9/10/2007 7:55:19 AM 24 Chapter 1 An interview I gave in 1994 brought this reaction to the forefront.

The focus of even a shallow earthquake is several kilometers below the earth’s surface. As the earthquake progresses, more and more of the fault breaks loose and begins to slip. In large earthquakes, the area of the fault that finally slips may be huge, extending hundreds of kilometers laterally and tens of kilometers into the earth. The part of the fault that slips may or may not extend as far upward as the earth’s surface. In other words, in small earthquakes, and even in some damaging ones, there may be no obvious evidence at the surface that one side of the fault slipped past the other.

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