Antislavery Politics in Antebellum and Civil War America by Thomas G. Mitchell

By Thomas G. Mitchell

This publication is a story historical past of the thirty-year fight to outlaw slavery, beginning with the founding of the yank Anti-Slavery Society in 1834 and lengthening until eventually the abolition of slavery within the usa on the finish of the Civil War.

The middle of the publication contains sections: 1) the 20-year political fight to limit slavery via a succession of anti-extensionist events beginning in 1840 with the founding of the freedom celebration, extending throughout the unfastened Soil occasion (1848-54) and finishing with Abraham Lincoln being elected president as a Republican at the related easy platform because the Liberty occasion in 1844. 2) The fight via abolitionists to take advantage of the outbreak of the Civil warfare as an opportunity to rid the rustic of slavery utilizing the administrative wartime powers of the presidency.

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34 Cincinnati was just across the Ohio River from Kentucky and slave territory and was itself settled by residents who did not oppose slavery on moral grounds. The Western Reserve was settled by Yankees from New York and New England. The Cincinnati clique mainly consisted of Gamaliel Bailey, the editor of Philanthropist; Samuel P. Chase, a lawyer and novice politician who wrote most of the resolutions for the state Liberty Party; Thomas Morris, the former Democratic senator; and Samuel Lewis, the Liberty gubernatorial candidate.

THE LIBERTY PARTY 27 By 1844 the Liberty Party boasted 25 regular publications across the North: three daily papers, twenty weeklies, and two semi-monthly papers with a weekly circulation of over 35,000. At its first national convention in 1841 in Buffalo, the new party renominated James G. Birney as its presidential nominee for 1844, something that was opposed by the Ohio Party, along with former Democratic senator Thomas Morris as his running mate. Chase persuaded Morris to resign from the ticket in January 1843 in the hope that this would put moral pressure on Birney to also resign so that the nomination would be open and could be undertaken much closer to the election.

61 Tappan made an offer to Bailey in August 1846 and Bailey accepted. Tappan bought out the subscriber list from the Philanthropist on behalf of the Liberty Party so that Bailey could settle his debts in Cincinnati and move to Washington. 62 The paper published its first issue in January 1847. It started with 8,000 subscribers and by September had almost increased its subscriptions by half to 11,000. Bailey established cordial relations with both the Washington press corps and the social elite in Washington.

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