By John S. Gilkeson
This ebook examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, whilst Franz Boas left Germany for the USA, until eventually 1965, whilst the nationwide Endowment for the arts used to be tested. 5 chapters hint the advance inside of educational anthropology of the techniques of tradition, social type, nationwide personality, worth, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As american citizens got here to consider tradition anthropologically, as a "complex entire" a ways broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been suggestion and said," so, too, did they arrive to work out American groups as stratified into social sessions special through their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yank personality to socialization instead of delivery; to find the uniqueness of yank tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in an international viewpoint.
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Additional info for Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965
Helen Boas Yampolsky to Alfred Kroeber, 18 May 1956, A. L. Kroeber Papers, BANC MSS C-B 925, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley (hereafter Kroeber Papers), reel 49. Franz Boas, ‘‘The Occurrence of Similar Inventions in Areas Widely Apart,’’ Science, 20 May 1887, 485–486; Franz Boas, ‘‘Museums of Ethnology and Their Classification,’’ Science, 17 June 1887, 587–589; both reprinted in The Shaping of American Anthropology, 1883– 1911: A Franz Boas Reader, ed. George W. Stocking, Jr.
Early centers of anthropological activity included the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, and the American Ethnological Society in New York. A new center arose in 1846 with the founding of the Smithsonian Institution. Under the energetic direction of the physicist Joseph Henry, the Smithsonian sponsored a number of collecting expeditions designed to diffuse ‘‘useful knowledge’’ about the United States. 38 38 Raymond D. Fogelson, ‘‘Nationalism and the Americanist Tradition,’’ in Theorizing the Americanist Tradition, ed.
Spiller, ‘‘History of a History: A Study in Cooperative Scholarship,’’ PMLA 89 (1974): 604–608. Spiller, ‘‘History of a History,’’ 604 (emphasis in original); Shumway, Creating American Civilization, 168–171, 195, 243. : Harvard University Press, 1967); and Kermit Vanderbilt, American Literature and the Academy: The Roots, Growth, and Maturity of a Profession (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986). Culture in the American Grain 25 knowledge. By making culture a respectable pursuit for men, it would counter the feminization of American culture.