Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing by Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew

By Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew Clarke

Because its discovery Antarctica has held a deep fascination for biologists. severe environmental stipulations, seasonality and isolation have result in probably the most amazing examples of normal choice and version on the earth. sarcastically, a few of these variations may perhaps pose constraints at the skill of the Antarctic biota to answer weather swap. elements of Antarctica are displaying the various greatest alterations in temperature and different environmental stipulations on the earth. during this quantity, released in organization with the Royal Society, leading polar scientists current a synthesis of the most recent examine at the organic platforms in Antarctica, masking organisms from microbes to vertebrate greater predators. This ebook comes at a time while new applied sciences and techniques let the results of weather switch and different direct human affects on Antarctica to be seen at quite a number scales; throughout complete areas, entire ecosystems and right down to the extent of species and edition inside of their genomes. Chapters handle either Antarctic terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and the clinical and administration demanding situations of the longer term are explored.


Chapter 1 Spatial and Temporal Variability in Terrestrial Antarctic Biodiversity (pages 11–43): Steven L. Chown and Peter Convey
Chapter 2 worldwide swap in a Low variety Terrestrial surroundings: The McMurdo Dry Valleys (pages 44–62): Diana H. Wall
Chapter three Antarctic Lakes as types for the learn of Microbial Biodiversity, Biogeography and Evolution (pages 63–89): David A. Pearce and Johanna Laybourn?Parry
Chapter four The influence of neighborhood weather switch at the Marine surroundings of the Western Antarctic Peninsula (pages 91–120): Andrew Clarke, David ok. A. Barnes, Thomas J. Bracegirdle, Hugh W. Ducklow, John C. King, Michael P. Meredith, Eugene J. Murphy and Lloyd S. Peck
Chapter five The Marine method of the Western Antarctic Peninsula (pages 121–159): Hugh Ducklow, Andrew Clarke, Rebecca Dickhut, Scott C. Doney, Heidi Geisz, Kuan Huang, Douglas G. Martinson, Michael P. Meredith, Holly V. Moeller, Martin Montes?Hugo, Oscar Schofield, Sharon E. Stammerjohn, Debbie Steinberg and William Fraser
Chapter 6 Spatial and Temporal Operation of the Scotia Sea atmosphere (pages 160–212): E. J. Murphy, J. L. Watkins, P. N. Trathan, ok. Reid, M. P. Meredith, S. L. Hill, S. E. Thorpe, N. M. Johnston, A. Clarke, G. A. Tarling, M. A. Collins, J. Forcada, A. Atkinson, P. Ward, I. J. Staniland, D. W. Pond, R. A. Cavanagh, R. S. Shreeve, R. E. Korb, M. J. Whitehouse, P. G. Rodhouse, P. Enderlein, A. G. Hirst, A. R. Martin, D. R. Briggs, N. J. Cunningham and A. H. Fleming
Chapter 7 The Ross Sea Continental Shelf: neighborhood Biogeochemical Cycles, Trophic Interactions, and power destiny adjustments (pages 213–242): Walker O. Smith, David G. Ainley, Riccardo Cattaneo?Vietti and Eileen E. Hofmann
Chapter eight Pelagic Ecosystems within the Waters off East Antarctica (30° E–150° E) (pages 243–254): Stephen Nicol and Ben Raymond
Chapter nine The Dynamic Mosaic (pages 255–290): David ok. A. Barnes and Kathleen E. Conlan
Chapter 10 Southern Ocean Deep Benthic Biodiversity (pages 291–334): A. Brandt, C. De Broyer, B. Ebbe, okay. E. Ellingsen, A. J. Gooday, D. Janussen, S. Kaiser, okay. Linse, M. Schueller, M. R. A. Thomson, P. A. Tyler and A. Vanreusel
Chapter eleven Environmental Forcing and Southern Ocean Marine Predator Populations (pages 335–353): Phil N. Trathan, Jaume Forcada and Eugene J. Murphy
Chapter 12 Molecular Ecophysiology of Antarctic Notothenioid Fishes (pages 355–378): C.?H. Christina Cheng and H. William Detrich
Chapter thirteen Mechanisms Defining Thermal Limits and edition in Marine Ectotherms: An Integrative View (pages 379–416): Hans O. Portner, Lloyd S. Peck and George N. Somero
Chapter 14 Evolution and Biodiversity of Antarctic Organisms (pages 417–467): Alex D. Rogers
Chapter 15 Biogeography and neighborhood Classifications of Antarctica (pages 469–491): P. exhibit, D. ok. A. Barnes, H. J. Griffiths, S. M. supply, okay. Linse and D. N. Thomas
Chapter sixteen Conservation and administration of Antarctic Ecosystems (pages 492–525): Susie M. furnish, Pete express, Kevin A. Hughes, Richard A. Phillips and Phil N. Trathan

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3 THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT Evidence for the recent rapid regional climate change of the Antarctic Peninsula is based on a relatively short duration of the satellite and instrumental records in Antarctica. In order to place this into perspective a longer historical view is required. , 2001). , 2001, 2003). On land, the changes in climate and associated glaciations have eradicated almost all the flora and fauna that characterized the Early Cenozoic of Antarctica, driving the evolution of the polar marine and terrestrial biota we observe today (Clarke & Crame, 1989, 1992).

S. D. 2010 The establishment of a new ecological guild of pollinating insects on sub-Antarctic South Georgia. Antarctic Science 22, 508–512. K. , Linse, K. C. 2009 Exploring biological constraints on the glacial history of Antarctica. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 3035–3048. G. G. 2005 Retreating glacier fronts on the Antarctic Peninsula over the past half-century. Science 308, 541–544. P. & Nicol, S. 2004 Management of Southern Ocean fisheries: Global forces and future sustainability. Antarctic Science 16 (4), 569–58.

Exp. Biol. 203, 2331–2339. A. & Willi, Y. 2008 Detecting genetic responses to environmental change. Nature Revs Genets 9, 421–432. C. 1994 Recent climate variability in the vicinity of the Antarctic Peninsula. Int. J. Climatol. 14, 357–369. , Elderfield, H. H. 2000 Cenozoic deep-sea temperatures and global ice volumes from Mg/Ca in benthic foraminiferal calcite. Science 287, 269–272. 269. E. & Manley, P. 1996 Productivity cycles of 200–300 years in the Antarctic Peninsula area: Understanding linkages among the sun, atmosphere, oceans, sea ice, and biota.

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