Animal behavior desk reference: a dictionary of animal by Edward M. Barrows

By Edward M. Barrows

Revised and up-to-date, containing over 5,000 entries, with over 1,100 extra entries than within the past variation, Animal habit table Reference, moment variation: A Dictionary of habit, Ecology, and Evolution offers definitions for phrases in animal habit, biogeography, evolution, ecology, genetics, psychology, records, systematics, and different comparable sciences. Formatted like a regular dictionary, this reference provides definitions in a short- and easy-to-use kind. for every time period, the place appropriate, you receive:Multiple definitions indexed chronologicallyTerm hierarchies summarized in tablesDefinition sourcesDirectives that exhibit the place an idea is outlined less than a synonymous identify, and ideas relating to focal onesNon-technical and out of date definitionsPronunciations of chosen termsCommon-denominator entriesSynonymsClassifications of organisms and outlines of many taxaOrganizations concerning animal habit, ecology, evolution, and comparable sciencesStill the main entire paintings of its style, Animal habit table Reference, moment version: A Dictionary of habit, Ecology, and Evolution will increase your clinical conversation, rather within the fields of animal habit, evolution, ecology, and comparable branches of biology. when you are a instructor, scholar, author, or lively in technological know-how by any means, this e-book will turn out to be one in all your most useful assets.

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A group of coral polyps > 4 centimeters in diameter; contrasted with juvenile (Edmunds 1996, 95). 3. , an adult fig tree) (inferred from Nason et al. 1998, 685). ᮣ subadult□n. A lion that is 25 through 48 months old (Schaller 1972 in Handby and Bygott 1987, 161). buck□n. An adult male of deer, elk, goat, hare, kangaroo, moose, rabbit, or rat. cf. animal names: doe calf□n. An immature elephant, hoofed animal, or pinniped (Sea Elephant, Seal, Walrus). Comment: Elephant calves are individuals 0 to 24 months old (Lee 1987, 279).

Note: Wilson (1987, 10) indicates that some workers are starting to drop this term in favor of expressions such as “nepotism” and “reciprocation,” but he prefers to retain it. 4. Sociobiologically, an individual animal’s helping a conspecific nonrelative in a way that increases the nonrelative’s fitness but not the helper’s fitness (Alcock 1979, 11; Barash 1982, 108). Note: This definition is related to WynneEdwards’ (1962) concept of nonkin group a 17 selection. This kind of altruism occurs in Humans but is probably, at best, rare in nonhumans.

Referring to the earliest stage in ontogeny, or development, of an organ or system (Lincoln et al. 1985). syn. original, primordial, primary, primitive (Lincoln et al. 1985) 2. “Early; simple; poorly developed; unspecialized” (Lincoln et al. 1985). syn. plesiomorphic, primitive, primordial (in some cases), protomorphic (Lincoln et al. 1985) cf. derived, morph 3. Referring to a taxon with relatively many ancestral characters. syn. lower, primitive cf. ” “Higher” and “lower” unscientifically can suggest better and inferior.

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