Alienation (New Directions in Critical Theory) by Rahel Jaeggi

By Rahel Jaeggi

The Hegelian-Marxist inspiration of alienation fell out of style in the course of the post-metaphysical rejection of humanism and essentialist perspectives of human nature. during this ebook Jaeggi attracts on phenomenological analyses grounded in glossy conceptions of enterprise, in addition to contemporary paintings within the analytical culture, to reconceive of alienation because the absence of a significant courting to oneself and others, which manifests itself in emotions of helplessness and the despondent recognition of ossified social roles and expectations.

A revived method of alienation is helping serious social thought have interaction with phenomena, equivalent to meaninglessness, isolation, and indifference, that have huge implications for problems with justice. through severing alienation's hyperlink to a challenging belief of human essence whereas holding its social-philosophical content material, Jaeggi presents assets for a renewed critique of social pathologies, a much-neglected situation in modern liberal political philosophy. Her paintings revisits the arguments of Rousseau, Hegel, Kierkegaard, and Heidegger, putting them in discussion with Thomas Nagel, Bernard Williams, and Charles Taylor.

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Additional resources for Alienation (New Directions in Critical Theory)

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What is a war machine? The answer to this question must always be, it is a concept. But because of the way Deleuze and Guattari create their concepts, by abstracting from the historical, there is always a temptation to treat the war machine as primarily descriptive. More importantly, the war machine is only one element in a complex treatise which is ultimately a mordant critique of the present. Deleuze and Guattari’s analysis proceeds via a threefold hypothesis: (1) the war machine is a nomad invention that does not have war as its primary object, war is rather a second-order objective, (2) the war machine is exterior to the state apparatus, but when the state appropriates the war machine its nature and function changes, its polarity is effectively reversed so that it is directed at the nomads themselves, (3) it is only when the war machine has been appropriated by the state that war becomes its primary object (Deleuze and Guattari 1987: 418).

9 In philosophical terms, the ‘Vietnam Syndrome’ was the negative needed by militarism to resurrect itself. What the military realised in Vietnam was that the US public will not tolerate a high casualty rate amongst its own troops unless there is a pressing need. While saving freedom might be construed as a pressing need, stopping communism in a country most people hadn’t heard of before the war started couldn’t. Treatise on Militarism 25 Lacking ideological support, the US military publicly adopted a zerocasualty approach to its ‘elective wars’ (to continue with the surgical trope) and banked on technology to achieve it.

40 Deleuze and the Contemporary World 14. For a dispiriting account of just how buccaneering American capital is in Iraq today see Parenti (2004: 35–57). 15. Chalmers Johnson (2000, 2004) has shown the old model of the military that did everything itself (for example, the ‘studio system’) has given way to a vast interlocking network of private enterprises (‘Hollywood’ as it is today). 16. The justification for war is brazenly Wall Street too, inasmuch that the conception of freedom it propounds is only the meagre stuff entailed in its free market ideology.

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