By David Ward, Magnus Granström, Antoni Ferré (auth.), Gereon Meyer, Jürgen Valldorf, Wolfgang Gessner (eds.)
The upcoming switch of costumers’ personal tastes and nation rules in the direction of safeguard, sustainability and luxury of a motor vehicle is looking the automobile to make the mandatory strategies on hand to be able to speed up its velocity at the method out of the industrial drawback. clever miniaturized structures and ICT dependent suggestions are thought of the major enablers of destiny mobility applied sciences like novel energy teach ideas together with electric traction, cooperative safeguard structures, complicated driving force counsel structures in addition to car-to-car and car-to-infrastructure conversation.
The overseas discussion board on complicated Microsystems for car functions (AMAA) has been an unique showroom of R&D actions during this area for greater than a decade. In 2009 its subject is "Smart platforms for security, Sustainability, and Comfort". The papers released during this booklet have been chosen from greater than forty submissions. Highlights contain contributions at the scope of 2 eu initiatives regarding the fairway motor vehicle, EE-VERT aiming on the improvement of energy-efficient autos for street shipping, and E3Car doing learn on nanoelectronics as a key enabler of electric cars. in addition, numerous authors are reporting first result of the INTERSAFE-2 venture that's facing cooperative intersection safeguard. Likewise popular subject matters are a detector for left-behind occupants, novel driving force information platforms and several hugely built-in parts for varied purposes within the vehicle.
Additional details is out there on www.amaa.de
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Extra resources for Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2009: Smart Systems for Safety, Sustainability, and Comfort
13. PCB Circuit with the Amplifiers and the Band-Pass Filters After the preprocessing the digital time-domain signals are available for analysis and later classification evaluation. 2 Experimental Measurements With the described setup several measurements in different arrangements of occupancy and vehicle conditions were observed. g. trunk) Within this work all in the table listed scenarios were tested and assessed. Some of the recorded signal spectra are presented below to provide an impression of the occurring signal frequencies.
DClink voltage Type of semiconductor 200 V 150 V Trench MOS 350 V 600 V CoolMOS 350 V 600 V IGBT3 Tab. 2. Overview 1 Module (3x) (Typ: 62 nm) (Si area incl. 4% 19 Green Cars For the calculated full hybrid converter, a system based on a DC-link voltage of 350 V using a 600 V IGBT shows best performance. Even if the DC link voltage is reduced to 200 V the 600 V IGBT has lower losses over the whole switching frequency range than a dedicated 250 V MOSFET. 2% Tab. 3. Overview 2 The results for a component system, with a maximum rating of 15kW equipped with 420 mm2 of power semiconductor, are presented in the Tab.
This will expose the most acceptable algorithm for the focused task of occupancy detection in a parked car. Five of the most popular methods will be evaluated, but before a short explanation of theses decision techniques is given in the following section. First of all a simple algorithm called k-nearest-neighbor (k-NN) is used, which is also known as a lazy learning classifier. This means that there is no previous training needed like it is for the other mentioned classifiers. k is the number of the nearest neighbors that have to be considered for the decision making process (Fig.