A Primer of GIS: Fundamental Geographic and Cartographic by Francis Harvey PhD

By Francis Harvey PhD

This pragmatic e-book introduces key strategies and abilities to organize scholars to appreciate and use geographic info platforms (GIS). The textual content completely explains what geographic details is, the way it is represented and analyzed, and what it communicates approximately human and environmental actions and occasions that happen on our planet. simple rules of map making and map studying are built-in with discussions of correct details applied sciences and functions. Written in an obtainable type, the textual content is prepared into 4 elements that may be utilized in any series in entry-level and extra really good GIS classes. elementary gains comprise sensible examples and routines, enticing vignettes, and invaluable net assets.

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How can you explain the differences? Does it have something to do with the reason for making each map? Which map is better for communicating? Patterns and Processes One of the most interesting things about maps is that because the paper and drawing won’t change by itself after you make it, you have to show things, such as a house or store, in the same way as you show processes—for example, the way you walk to a bus stop or drive a car to work. If you use multiple colors you can separate things and events, but remember the map doesn’t show the process, it only shows an event that corresponds to the process.

5. Is every map reliable enough for every use? No, maps are abstractions that focus on a selection of things and events from the endless complexity of the world. 6. How do representation and communication relate to each other? Representation is the basis for communication. It is impossible to have a cartographic representation of what is missing from a geographic representation. 7. Why can’t GI or a map show everything in any chosen area without distortion? Maps must abstract, which leads to distortions.

S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey. Wood, D. (1993). The Power of Maps. Scientific American, 88–93. Web Resources National Geographic’s online Xpedition Hall offers a highly interactive introduction to geography and cartography. The Mental Mapper offers a good introduction to mental mapping and you can follow one of the lesson plans. See www. node=20 Three hundred and twenty-one definitions of the word map are collected at J. H. gov Goals of Cartography and GI / 31 Exercises 1. Comparing Map Representations and Our Observations Get a map for a well-known area.

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