A House Divided: The Civil War and Nineteenth-Century by Jonathan Daniel Wells

By Jonathan Daniel Wells

The Civil struggle is likely one of the so much defining eras of yank background, and masses has been written on each point of the warfare. the quantity of fabric on hand is daunting, in particular while a scholar is making an attempt to understand the general topics of the period.

Jonathan Wells has distilled the conflict down into comprehensible, easy-to-read sections, with lots of maps and illustrations, to aid make experience of the battles and social, political, and cultural alterations of the period. awarded this is details on:

  • the domestic front
  • the battles, either within the East and the West
  • the prestige of slaves
  • women’s function within the warfare and its aftermath
  • literature and public life
  • international points of the war
  • and a lot more!

Students also will locate worthy examine aids at the better half web site for the booklet. A apartment Divided presents a brief, readable survey of the Civil warfare and the Reconstruction interval in a while, focusing not just at the battles, yet on how american citizens lived in the course of a time of serious upheaval within the country’s historical past, and what that legacy has intended to the rustic today.

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Qxd 26 24/10/11 15:50 Page 26 SLAVERY AND LONG-TERM ROOTS OF THE CIVIL WAR Further Reading John Ashworth, Slavery, Capitalism, and Politics in the Antebellum Republic (volume 1: Commerce and Compromise, 1820–1850; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995). Edward E. H. Camp, New Studies in the History of American Slavery (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2006). Ira Berlin, Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998).

Except for Missouri, slavery would be prohibited north of this line and permitted south of the border. While the Missouri Compromise of 1820 resolved the crisis, observers knew the controversy was far from permanently settled. Former President Thomas Jefferson, writing from his home near Charlottesville, Virginia, famously commented that the crisis rang “like a fire bell in the night,” warning Americans that the debates over slavery might one day end in civil war. As Jefferson feared, slavery did become a political football.

It was reasonable then to suppose, as both northerners and southerners did suppose in 1787, that slavery’s days were numbered. That belief changed almost overnight with the invention of the Cotton Gin in 1793. Invented by Eli Whitney, a northern schoolteacher who had moved to Georgia, the Cotton Gin removed the seeds from the thick raw cotton fifty times faster than it could be done by hand. With the invention of the Gin, much more cotton could be grown because more could be processed. As historian Angela Lakwete has discovered, after the Cotton Gin’s invention in the early 1790s, manufacturers built hundreds of the machines and they spread throughout the region.

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