A History of Race in Muslim West Africa, 1600-1960 (African by Bruce S. Hall

By Bruce S. Hall

The mobilization of neighborhood rules approximately racial distinction has been very important in producing, and intensifying, civil wars that experience happened because the finish of colonial rule in the entire nations that straddle the southern fringe of the Sahara wilderness. From Sudan to Mauritania, the racial different types deployed in modern conflicts usually hearken again to an older historical past within which blackness can be equated with slavery and non-blackness with predatory and uncivilized banditry. This e-book strains the advance of arguments approximately race over a interval of greater than 350 years in a single very important position alongside the southern fringe of the Sahara desolate tract: the Niger Bend in northern Mali. utilizing Arabic records held in Timbuktu, in addition to neighborhood colonial assets in French and oral interviews, Bruce S. corridor reconstructs an African highbrow historical past of race that lengthy predated colonial conquest, and which has persevered to orient inter-African family members ever because.

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T. Norris, Mahmoud Zouber, Paulo de Moraes Farias, Ismaël Diadié Haïdara, and Elias Saad, on whose works I have relied greatly – but many of the sources that form the empirical base of this book have never been discussed in published form before. Likewise, the richest and most interesting French sources were drawn from the remnants of colonial records held in local government offices in northern Mali. I was very fortunate to gain access to this material, which was almost completely unorganized.

23 Isaac, Invention of Racism, 38. 24 John Brockington, “Concepts of Race in the Mahabharata and Ramayana,” in The Concept of Race in South Asia, ed. Peter Robb (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995), 97–108; Romila Thapar, “The Image of the Barbarian in Early India,” CSSH 13, no. 4 (1971): 408–36. 25 It is of course appropriate to ground particular histories of race in specific, emic accounts of human difference. This is certainly a goal of this book. But it is equally important that the particularity of the case not prevent an analysis of the social work that these ideas perform in the context in which they arise.

Currey, 1989), 14–15. See also Thomas Spear, “Introduction,” in Being Maasai: Ethnicity and Identity in East Africa, ed. Spear and Richard Waller (London: J. Currey, 1993), 13–14; John Lonsdale, “The Moral Economy of Mau Mau,” in Unhappy Valley, Book 2: Violence and Ethnicity, ed. Bruce Berman and Lonsdale (London: J. Currey, 1992). On the transformations in “native law,” see Martin Chanock, Law, Custom, and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).

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