2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section by American Academy of Ophthalmology, Rod Foroozan MD

By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Rod Foroozan MD

Presents a symptom-driven method of the analysis and remedy of significant neuro-ophthalmic stipulations. With the point of interest at the sufferer, this ebook emphasizes exam and applicable adjunctive reports, together with a dialogue of diagnostic imaging modalities, and leads the reader throughout the occasionally refined manifestations of neuro-ophthalmic disorder to anatomical localization of lesions and definitive analysis. an outline of the anatomy of visible pathways is observed by means of many illustrations.

Upon crowning glory of part five, readers might be capable to:

- Describe a symptom-driven method of sufferers with universal neuro-ophthalmic proceedings that allows you to formulate a suitable differential diagnosis

- decide upon the main acceptable checks and imaging, in accordance with symptomatology, to diagnose and deal with neuro-ophthalmic problems in an economical manner

- determine eye flow problems and the ocular motor approach

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Extra info for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 5: Neuro-Ophthalmology

Example text

Overall, the retinal representation rotates almost 90°, with the superior fibers moving medially and the inferior fibers laterally. The macular fibers tend to move superolaterally. Cortical and subcortical pathways may modulate activity in the LGN. In addition, the cortex, superior colliculus, and pretectal nuclei project back to the LGN. Cortex Following a synapse in the LGN, the axons travel posteriorly as the optic radiations toterminate in the primary visual (calcarine) cortex in the occipital lobe (Fig 1-21).

This radial arrangement of the axons of the bipolar cells (the Henle layer) is responsible for fluid accumulation in a star-shaped pattern. Another key anatomical feature of the retina is the location of the optic disc and the begin ning of the optic nerve nasal to the fovea. Thus, although ganglion cell fibers coming from the nasal retina can travel uninterrupted directly to the disc, those coming from the tern poral retina must avoid the macula by anatomically separating to enter the disc at either the superior or the inferior pole (Fig 1-18).

Overall, the retinal representation rotates almost 90°, with the superior fibers moving medially and the inferior fibers laterally. The macular fibers tend to move superolaterally. Cortical and subcortical pathways may modulate activity in the LGN. In addition, the cortex, superior colliculus, and pretectal nuclei project back to the LGN. Cortex Following a synapse in the LGN, the axons travel posteriorly as the optic radiations toterminate in the primary visual (calcarine) cortex in the occipital lobe (Fig 1-21).

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