By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Carl D. Regillo, MD
Offers present details from scientific trials on significant retinal stipulations, together with age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. contains an outline of diagnostic suggestions in retinal imaging, electrophysiologic checking out, and new genetic methods to diagnosing and classifiying retinal dystrophies and degenerations.
Read Online or Download 2007-2008 Basic and Clinical Science Course Section 12: Retina and Vitreous PDF
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Additional resources for 2007-2008 Basic and Clinical Science Course Section 12: Retina and Vitreous
30. Should a myope use a flat-top or round-top reading lens? A round-top lens has significant image displacement with a minus lens. A flat-top lens minimizes image displacement and image jump. 31. What is the circle of least confusion? Patients with astigmatism have two focal lines formed by the convergence of light rays. The first focal line is nearer the cornea and created by the more powerful corneal meridian. The second focal 24 OPTICS AND REFRACTION Figure 3-8. The circle of least confusion.
Arch Ophthalmol 97:705–707, 1979. 2. Bedrossian EH Jr: Embryology and anatomy of the eyelids. In Tasman W, Jaeger E (eds): Foundations of Clinical Ophthalmology. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1998, pp 1–22. 3. Bedrossian EH Jr: Surgical anantomy of the eyelids. In Della Rocca RC, Bedrossian EH Jr, Arthurs BP (eds): Opthalmic Plastic Surgery: Decision Making and Techniques. Philadelphia, McGraw-Hill, 2002, pp 163–172. 4. Dutton J: Atlas of Clinical and Surgical Orbital Anatomy. B. Saunders, 1994.
What structures would you pass through during a transverse blepharotomy 3 mm above the upper eyelid margin? & Skin & Pretarsal orbicularis muscle & Tarsus & Palpebral conjunctiva See Fig. 2-2. 12. What is meant by the term lower lid retractors? The lower lid retractors consist of the capsulopalpebral fascia and the inferior tarsus muscle. The capsulopalpebral fascia of the lower lid is analogous to the levator complex in the upper lid. The inferior tarsus muscle of the lower lid is analogous to Mu¨ller’s muscle in the upper lid.